Возвратные местоимения myself / yourself / themselves и др. в английском

Урок 82

Изучите следующий пример:

Steve introduced himself to the other guests.
Стив представил себя другим гостям.

Мы используем myself/yourself/himself и др. (reflexive pronouns - возвратные местоимения), когда подлежащее (subject) и дополнение (object) – одно и то же:

Возвратными местоимениями являются:

ед. ч. myself yourself (один человек) himself/herself/itself
мн. ч. ourselves yourselves (больше, чем один человек) themselves
  • I don’t want you to pay for me. I’ll pay for myself. (not I’ll pay for me)
    Я не хочу, чтобы ты платил за меня. Я заплачу за себя.
  • Julia had a great holiday. She really enjoyed herself.
    Юлия отлично провела отпуск. Ей всё очень понравилось (досл.: она очень довольна собой.)
  • Do you talk to yourself sometimes? (при обращении к одному человеку)
    Ты разговариваешь с собой иногда?
  • If you want more to eat, help yourselves. (при обращении к более чем одному человеку)
    Если захотите добавки, накладывайте себе сами.


  • It’s not our fault. You can’t blame us.
    Это не наша вина. Ты не можешь винить нас.
  • It’s our own fault. We should blame ourselves.
    Это наша вина. Мы должны винить только себя (досл.: нас).

Мы не используем myself и др. после feel/relax/concentrate/meet:

  • I feel nervous. I can’t relax.
    Я нервничаю. Не могу расслабиться.
  • You must try and concentrate. (not concentrate yourself)
    Тебе нужно постараться сосредоточиться.
  • What time shall we meet? (not meet ourselves, not meet us)
    Во сколько встречаемся?

Мы обычно используем wash/shave/dress без myself и др. :

  • He got up, washed, shaved and dressed. (not washed himself и т.п.)
    Он встал, помылся, побрился и оделся.

Вы также можете сказать get dressed (He got dressed).


Сравните -selves и each other:

  • Kate and Joe stood in front of the mirror and looked at themselves. (= Kate and Joe looked at Kate and Joe - на себя.)
  • Kate looked at Joe; Joe looked at Kate. They looked at each other. (друг на друга)

Вы можете использовать one another вместо each other:

  • How long have you and Bill known each other? или ... known one another?
  • Sue and Ann don’t like each other. или ... don’t like one another.
  • Do you and Sarah live near each other? или ... near one another?

Другой пример:

  • ‘Who repaired your bike for you?’ ‘I repaired it myself.’
    ‘Кто отремонтировал тебе твой велосипед?’ ‘Я отремонтировал его сам.’

I repaired it myself = отремонтировал его я, а не кто-нибудь другой. Здесь, myself акцентирует внимание на ‘я’ (= подчёркивает, придает особое значение). Еще примеры:

  • I’m not going to do your work for you. You can do it yourself. (= ты, не я)
  • Let’s paint the house ourselves. It will be much cheaper.
  • The film itself wasn’t very good, but I loved the music. (Сам по себе фильм... или Сам фильм...)
  • I don’t think Liz will get the job. Liz herself doesn’t think she’ll get it. (или Liz doesn’t think she’ll get it herself. – Лиза сама́ не...)


1. Закончите предложения, используя myself/yourself и др. + следующие глаголы (в правильной форме):

blame burn enjoy express hurt introduce put

  1. Steve to the other guests at the party.
  2. Bill fell down some steps, but fortunately he didn’t .
  3. It isn’t Sue’s fault. She really shouldn’t .
  4. Please try and understand how I feel. in my position.
  5. The children had a great time at the beach. They really .
  6. Be careful! That pan is very hot. Don’t .
  7. Sometimes I can’t say exactly what I mean. I wish I could better.


2. Вставьте myself/yourself/ourselves и др. или me/you/us и др.

  1. Julia had a great holiday. She enjoyed .
  2. It’s not my fault. You can’t blame .
  3. What I did was really bad. I’m ashamed of .
  4. We’ve got a problem. I hope you can help .
  5. ‘Can I take another biscuit?’ ‘Of course. Help !’
  6. You must meet Sarah. I’ll introduce to her.
  7. Don’t worry about us. We can look after .
  8. I gave them a key to our house so that they could let in.
  9. I didn’t want anybody to see the letters, so I burned .


3. Закончите эти предложения. Используйте myself/yourself и др., только если необходимо. Используйте следующие глаголы (в правильной форме):

concentrate defend dry feel meet relax shave wash

  1. Martin decided to grow a beard because he was fed up with .
  2. I wasn’t very well yesterday, but I much better today.
  3. I climbed out of the swimming pool and with a towel.
  4. I tried to study, but I couldn’t .
  5. If somebody attacks you, you need to be able to .
  6. I’m going out with Chris this evening. We’re at 7.30.
  7. You’re always rushing around. Why don’t you sit down and ?
  8. There was no water, so we couldn’t .


4. Закончите предложения, используя -selves или each other.

  1. How long have you and Bill known ?
  2. If people work too hard, they can make ill.
  3. I need you and you need me. We need .
  4. In Britain friends often give presents at Christmas.
  5. Some people are very selfish. They only think of .
  6. Tracy and I don’t see very often these days.
  7. We couldn’t get back into the house. We had locked out.
  8. They’ve had an argument. They’re not speaking to at the moment.
  9. We’d never met before, so we introduced to .


5. Закончите ответы на вопросы, используя myself/yourself/itself и др.

  1. — Who repaired the bike for you?
    — Nobody. I .
  2. — Who cuts Brian’s hair for him?
    — Nobody. He cuts .
  3. — Do you want me to post that letter for you?
    — No, I’ll .
  4. — Who told you that Linda was going away?
    — Linda .
  5. — Can you phone John for me?
    — Why can’t you ?