Разница между I will и I’m going to

Урок 23

Будущие действия

Изучите разницу между will и (be) going to:

Сью разговаривает с Хелен:

Let’s have a party.
That’s a great idea. We’ll invite lots of people.

will (’ll): Мы используем will, когда мы решили что-то сделать в момент речи. Говорящий решил это сейчас, а не раньше. Идея о вечеринке - новая.

Позже Хелен встречает Дейва:


Sue and I have decided to have a party. We’re going to invite lots of people.

(be) going to: Мы используем (be) going to, когда мы уже решили что-то сделать. Хелен уже решила пригласить много людей до того, как встретила Дейва.


  • ‘Gary phoned while you were out.’ ‘OK. I’ll call him back.’
    ‘Gary phoned while you were out.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to call him back.’
  • ‘Ann is in hospital.’ ‘Oh really? I didn’t know. I’ll go and visit her.’
    ‘Ann is in hospital.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to visit her this evening.’

Будущие события и ситуации (прогнозирующие будущее)

Иногда нет большой разницы между will и going to. Например, вы можете сказать:

  • I think the weather will be nice this afternoon.
  • I think the weather is going to be nice this afternoon.

Когда мы говорим, что что-то is going to happen (собирается случиться), мы так думаем из-за ситуации вокруг нас сейчас (см. урок 20C). Например:

  • Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain. (not It will rain)
    (Мы можем видеть, что собирается пойти дождь, по облакам, которые сейчас видны в небе.)
  • I feel terrible. I think I’m going to be sick. (not I think I’ll be sick)
    (Я думаю, что заболею, потому что сейчас чувствую себя ужасно.)

Не используйте will в таких ситуациях.

В других ситуациях, используйте will:

  • Tom will probably get here at about 8 o’clock.
  • I think Sarah will like the present we bought for her.
  • These shoes are very well-made. They’ll last a long time.


1. Завершите предложения, используя will (’ll) или going to.

  1. A: Why are you turning on the television?
    B: the news. (I / watch)
  2. A: Oh, I’ve just realised. I haven’t got any money.
    B: Haven’t you? Well, don’t worry. you some. (I / lend)
  3. A: I’ve got a headache.
    B: Have you? Wait a second and an aspirin for you. (I / get)
  4. A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?
    B: the car. (I / wash)
  5. A: I’ve decided to repaint this room.
    B: Oh, have you? What colour it? (you / paint)
  6. A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping?
    B: Yes, something for dinner. (I / buy)
  7. A: I don’t know how to use this camera.
    B: It’s easy. you. (I / show)
  8. Key
  9. A: What would you like to eat?
    B: a sandwich, please. (I / have)
  10. A: Did you post that letter for me?
    B: Oh. I’m sorry. I completely forgot. it now. (I / do)
  11. A: The ceiling in this room doesn’t look very safe, does it?
    B: No, it looks as if down. (it / fall)
  12. A: Has George decided what to do when he leaves school?
    B: Yes. Everything is planned. a holiday for a few weeks. (he / have) Then a computer programming course. (he / do)


2. Прочитайте ситуации и закончите предложения, используя will (’ll) или going to.

  1. The phone rings and you answer. Somebody wants to speak to Jim.
    Hello. Can I speak to Jim. please?
    Just a moment. him. (I / get)
  2. It’s a nice day, so you have decided to take a walk. Just before you go, you tell your friend.
    The weather’s too nice to stay in. a walk. (I / take)
    Good idea. I think you. (I / join)
  3. Your friend is worried because she has lost an important letter.
    Don’t worry about the letter. I’m sure it. (you / find)
    I hope so.
  4. There was a job advertised in the paper recently. At first you were interested, but then you decided not to apply.
    Have you decided what to do about that job you were interested in?
    Yes, for it. (I / not / apply)
  5. You and a friend come home very late. Other people in the house are asleep. Your friend is noisy.
    Shh! Don’t make so much noise. everybody up. (you / wake)
  6. Paul has to go to the airport to catch a plane tomorrow morning.
    Liz, I need somebody to take me to the airport tomorrow morning.
    That’s no problem. you. (I / take) What time is your flight?
    OK, at about 9 o’clock then. (we / leave)
    Later that day, Joe offers to take Paul to the airport.
    Paul, do you want me to take you to the airport?
    No thanks, Joe. me. (Liz / take)