Глагол (+ дополнение) + инфинитив to ... (I want you to ... и др.)

Урок 55
want ask help would like
expect beg mean (= intend) would prefer

После этих глаголов следует частица to ... (инфинитив). Конструкция может быть:

глагол + to ...


глагол + дополнение + to ...

  • We expected to be late.
    Досл.: Мы ожидали, что опоздаем.
  • Would you like to go now?
    Вы хотели бы пойти сейчас?
  • He doesn’t want to know.
    Он не хочет знать.
  • We expected Dan to be late.
    Мы ожидали, что Дэн опоздает.
  • Would you like me to go now?
    Хотите, чтобы я пошел сейчас?
  • He doesn’t want anybody to know.
    Он не хочет, чтобы кто-нибудь знал.

Не говорите ‘want that’:

  • Do you want me to come with you? (not Do you want that I come)

После help вы можете использовать инфинитив как с частицей to, так и без нее. Т.е. вы можете сказать:

  • Can you help me to move this table?
    или Can you help me move this table?
tell remind force encourage
order warn invite persuade
teach enable get (= убедить, договориться)

Эти глаголы работают по схеме глагол + дополнение (object) + to ... :

  • Can you remind me to phone Sam tomorrow?
    Можешь напомнить мне позвонить завтра Сэму?
  • Who taught you to drive?
    Кто научил тебя водить?
  • I didn’t move the piano by myself. I got somebody to help me.
    Я не тащил пианино сам. Мне помогли.
  • Jim said the switch was dangerous and warned me not to touch it.
    Джим сказал, что этот переключатель опасен и предупредил меня не трогать его.

В следующем примере, глагол в пассивной форме (I was warned / we were told и т.п.):

  • I was warned not to touch the switch.
    Меня предупредили не трогать переключатель.

Глагол suggest нельзя использовать по схеме глагол + дополнение + to ... :

  • Jane suggested that I should ask your advice. (not Jane suggested me to ask)
    Джейн предложила, что мне следует спросить у тебя совета.

После advise (советовать), recommend (рекомендовать) и allow (разрешать), возможны две конструкции. Сравните:

глагол + -ing (без дополнения)

глагол + дополнение + to ...

  • I wouldn’t advise/recommend staying in that hotel.
  • They don’t allow parking in front of the building.
  • I wouldn’t advise/recommend anybody to stay in that hotel.
  • They don’t allow people to park in front of the building.

Изучите эти примеры с (be) allowed (пассив):

  • Parking isn’t allowed in front of the building.
  • You aren’t allowed to park in front of the building.

Make и let

У этих глаголов конструкция глагол + дополнение + инфинитив (без to):

  • I made him promise that he wouldn’t tell anybody what happened. (not to promise; пообещал)
  • Hot weather makes me feel tired. (= является причиной того, что я чувствую себя усталым)
  • Her parents wouldn’t let her go out alone. (= wouldn’t allow her to go out alone = не пустили бы её одну)
  • Let me carry your bag for you. Давай я понесу сумку за тебя.

Мы говорим ‘make somebody do’ (not to do), но в пассиве это будет ‘(be) made to do’ (с to):

  • We were made to wait for two hours. (= They made us wait ...)
    Нас заставили ждать два часа.


1. Закончите вопросы. Используйте do you want me to ... ? или would you like me to ... ? с этими глаголами (+ любые другие необходимые слова):

come lend repeat show shut wait

  1. Do you want to go alone, or ...
  2. Do you have enough money, or do you want ...
  3. Shall I leave the window open, or would you ...
  4. Do you know how to use the machine, or would ...
  5. Did you hear what I said, or do ...
  6. Can I go now, or do ...


2. Закончите предложения для этих ситуаций.

  1. — Lock the door.
    — OK.
  2. — Why don’t you come and stay with us?
    — That would be nice.
  3. — Can I use your phone?
    — No!
  4. — Be careful.
    — Don’t worry. I will.
  5. — Can you give me a hand?
    — Sure.


3. Перефразируйте предложение так, чтобы значение осталось прежним. Начало такого предложения вам показано.

  1. My father said I could use his car.
  2. I was surprised that it rained.
  3. Don’t stop him doing what he wants.
  4. Tim looks older when he wears glasses.
  5. I think you should know the truth.
  6. Don’t let me forget to phone my sister.
  7. At first I didn’t want to apply for the job, but Sarah persuaded me.
  8. My lawyer said I shouldn’t say anything to the police.
  9. I was told that I shouldn’t believe everything he says.
  10. If you’ve got a car, you are able to get around more easily.


4. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму: инфинитив (do/make/eat и т.п.), to + инфинитив, или -ing.

  1. They don’t allow people in front of the building. (park)
  2. I’ve never been to Iceland, but I’d like there. (go)
  3. I’m in a difficult position. What do you advise me ? (do)
  4. The film was very sad. It made me (cry)
  5. Diane’s parents always encouraged her hard at school. (study)
  6. I don’t recommend in that restaurant. The food is terrible. (eat)
  7. She said the letter was personal and wouldn’t let me it. (read)
  8. We are not allowed personal phone calls at work. (make)
  9. ‘I don’t think Alex likes me.’ ‘What makes you that?’ (think)