Глагол + -ing или инфинитив to ... 1: употребление remember / regret и др.

Урок 56
A

После некоторых глаголов следует -ing форма глагола, а после некоторых инфинитив to ... :

После этих глаголов обычно идет -ing:

admit fancy postpone
avoid finish risk
consider imagine stop
deny keep (on) suggest
enjoy mind  

Больше примеров в уроке 53.

После этих глаголов обычно идет to ... :

afford fail offer
agree forget plan
arrange hope promise
decide learn refuse
deserve manage threaten

Больше примеров в уроке 54.

B

После некоторых глаголов может следовать и -ing, и to ..., но с разницей в значении:

remember

I remember doing something = я делал это, и сейчас я помню об этом.

I remembered to do something = я помнил, что мне надо было сделать это, поэтому я сделал это.

You remember doing something после того, как вы это сделали.

You remember to do something перед тем, как сделаете это.

  • I know I locked the door. I clearly remember locking it.
    (= я закрыл дверь, и сейчас я помню об этом)
  • He could remember driving along the road just before the accident, but he couldn’t remember the accident itself.
  • I remembered to lock the door, bur I forgot to shut the windows.
    (= я помнил, что мне нужно было закрыть дверь, поэтому я ее и закрыл)
  • Please remember to post the letter.
    (= не забудь отправить письмо)

regret

I regret doing something = я сделал это, и сейчас я сожалею об этом:

I regret to say / to tell you / to inform you = я сожалею, что мне приходится сказать (сообщить и т.п.):

  • I now regret saying what I said. I shouldn’t have said it.
  • It began to get cold and he regretted not wearing his coat.
  • (from a formal letter) We regret to inform you that we cannot offer you the job.

go on

Go on doing something = продолжайте делать то, что делали:

Go on to do something = делайте или говорите что-то новое:

  • The president paused for a moment and then went on talking. (... продолжил говорить)
  • We need to change. We can’t go on living like this.
  • After discussing the economy, the president then went on to talk about foreign policy. (...перешел к разговору о...)
C

После следующих глаголов можно ставить как -ing, так и to ... :

begin start continue intend bother

Т.е. вы можете сказать:

  • It has started raining. или It has started to rain.
  • John intends buying a house. или John intends to buy ...
  • Don’t bother locking the door. или Don’t bother to lock ...

Но обычно мы не используем -ing после -ing:

  • It’s starting to rain. (not It’s starting raining)

Упражнения

1. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму: -ing или to ... . Иногда возможна любая форма.

  1. They denied the money. (steal)
  2. I don’t enjoy very much. (drive)
  3. I don’t want out tonight. I’m too tired. (go)
  4. I can’t afford out tonight. I don’t have enough money. (go)
  5. Has it stopped yet? (rain)
  6. Our team was unlucky to lose the game. We deserved . (win)
  7. Why do you keep me questions? Can’t you leave me alone? (ask)
  8. Please stop me questions! (ask)
  9. Key
  10. I refuse any more questions. (answer)
  11. One of the boys admitted the window. (break)
  12. The boy’s father promised for the window to be repaired. (pay)
  13. If the company continues money, the factory may be closed. (lose)
  14. ‘Does Sarah know about the meeting?’ ‘No, I forgot her.’ (tell)
  15. The baby began in the middle of the night. (cry)
  16. Julia has been ill, but now she’s beginning better. (get)
  17. I’ve enjoyed you. I hope you again soon. (meet, see)

Key

2. Вот некоторая информация из детства Тома.

1. He was in hospital when he was four.
2. He went to Paris when he was eight.
3. He cried on his first day at school.
4. Once he fell into the river.
5. He said he wanted to be a doctor.
6. Once he was bitten by a dog.

Он всё ещё помнит о 1, 2 и 4. Но не может вспомнить 3, 5 и 6. Напишите предложения, начиная с He can remember... или He can’t remember... .

Key

3. Закончите каждое предложение с глаголом в правильной форме: -ing или to ... .

1.
a.
Please remember the door when you go out.
b.
A: You lent me some money a few months ago.
B: Did I? Are you sure? I don’t remember you any money.
c.
A: Did you remember your sister?
B: Oh no, I completely forgot. I’ll phone her tomorrow.
d.
When you see Steve, remember him my regards.
e.
Someone must have taken my bag. I clearly remember it by the window and now it has gone.
Key
2.
a.
I believe that what I said was fair. I don’t regret it.
b.
I knew they were in trouble, but I regret I did nothing to help them.
3.
a.
Ben joined the company nine years ago. He became assistant manager after two years, and a few years later he went on manager of the company.
b.
I can’t go on here any more. I want a different job.
c.
When I came into the room, Liz was reading a newspaper. She looked up and said hello, and then went on her newspaper.

Key