Глагол + предлоги: of / for / from / on

Урок 135
Глагол + of

accuse / suspect somebody OF ...

  • Sue accused me of being selfish.
    Сью обвинила меня в том, что я веду себя эгоистично/как эгоист.
  • Some students were suspected of cheating in the exam.
    Некоторых студентов заподозрили в списывании на экзамене.

approve / disapprove OF ...

  • His parents don’t approve of what he does, but they can’t stop him.
    Его родители не одобряют то, что он делает, но они не могут его остановить.

die OF (or FROM) an illness etc.

  • ‘What did he die of?’ ‘A heart attack.’
    От чего он умер?’ ‘От сердечного приступа.’

consist OF ...

  • We had an enormous meal. It consisted of seven courses.
    Мы очень плотно поели. Трапеза состояла из семи блюд.
Глагол + for

pay (somebody) FOR ...

  • I didn’t have enough money to pay for the meal. (not pay the meal)
    У меня было недостаточно денег, чтобы заплатить за еду.


pay a bill / a fine / tax / rent / a sum of money etc. (без предлога)

  • I didn’t have enough money to pay the rent.
    У меня было недостаточно денег, чтобы заплатить за аренду/внести арендную плату.

thank / forgive somebody FOR ...

  • I’ll never forgive them for what they did.
    Я никогда не прощу их за то, что они сделали.

apologise (to somebody) FOR ...

  • When I realised I was wrong, I apologised (to them) for my mistake.
    Когда я понял, что был не прав, я извинился (перед ними) за свою ошибку.

blame somebody/something FOR ... , somebody is to blame FOR ...

  • Everybody blamed me for the accident.
    Все обвиняли меня в случившемся.
  • Everybody said that I was to blame for the accident.
    Все говорили, что в случившемся виноват я.

blame (a problem etc.) ON ...

  • Everybody blamed the accident on me.
    Все возложили на меня вину за случившееся.
Глагол + from

suffer FROM an illness etc.

  • The number of people suffering from heart disease has increased.
    Количество людей, страдающих от заболеваний сердца, увеличилось.

protect somebody/something FROM (or AGAINST) ...

  • Sun block protects the skin from the sun. (or ... against the sun.)
    Солнцезащитный крем защищает кожу от солнца.
Глагол + on

depend / rely ON ...

  • ‘What time will you be home?’ ‘I don’t know. It depends on the traffic.’
    ‘Во сколько ты будешь дома?’ ‘Я не знаю. Зависит от пробок на дороге.’
  • You can rely on Jill. She always keeps her promises.
    Вы можете положиться на Джил. Она всегда сдерживает свои обещания.

Вы можете использовать depend + when/where/how и др. с или без on:

  • ‘Are you going to buy it?’ ‘It depends how much it is.’ (or It depends on how much)
    ‘Ты собираешься это покупать?’ ‘Зависит от того, сколько это стоит.’

live ON money/food

  • Michael’s salary is very low. It isn’t enough to live on.
    У Михаила очень маленькая зарплата. На жизнь недостаточно. (досл.: этого недостаточно, чтобы жить на /эту зарплату/)

congratulate / compliment somebody ON ...

  • I congratulated her on her success in the exam.
    Я поздравил ее с успешной сдачей экзамена.


1. Закончите второе предложение так, чтобы оно означало то же самое, что и первое.

  1. Sue said I was selfish.
  2. The misunderstanding was my fault, so I apologised.
  3. Jane won the tournament, so I congratulated her.
  4. He has enemies, but he has a bodyguard to protect him.
  5. There are eleven players in a football team.
  6. Sandra eats only bread and eggs.


2. Закончите второе предложение используя for или on. Во всех этих предложениях есть слово blame.

  1. Liz said that what happened was Joe’s fault.
  2. You always say everything is my fault.
  3. Do you think the economic crisis is the fault of the government?
  4. I think the increase in violent crime is the fault of television.


Теперь перепешите предложения 3 и 4, используя to blame for.



3. Закончите предложения, используя следующие глаголы (в правильной форме) + правильный предлог:

accuse apologise approve congratulate depend live pay

  1. His parents don’t what he does, but they can’t stop him.
  2. When you went to the theatre with Paul, who the tickets?
  3. It’s not very pleasant when you are something you didn’t do.
  4. A: Are you going to the beach tomorrow?
    B: I hope so. It the weather.
  5. Things are very cheap there. You can very little money.
  6. When I saw David, I him passing his driving test.
  7. You were very rude to Liz. Don’t you think you should her?


4. Вставьте правильный предлог. Если предлог не нужен, оставьте поле ввода пустым.

  1. Some students were suspected cheating in the exam.
  2. Sally is often not well. She suffers very bad headaches.
  3. You know that you can rely me if you ever need any help.
  4. It is terrible that some people are dying hunger while others eat too much.
  5. Are you going to apologise what you did?
  6. The accident was my fault, so I had to pay the repairs.
  7. Key
  8. I didn’t have enough money to pay the bill.
  9. I complimented her her English. She spoke very fluently and her pronunciation was excellent.
  10. She hasn’t got a job. She depends her parents for money.
  11. I don’t know whether I’ll go out tonight. It depends how I feel.
  12. They wore warm clothes to protect themselves the cold.
  13. The apartment consists three rooms, a kitchen and bathroom.