Past simple (I did) - Простое прошедшее

Урок 5
A

Изучите этот пример:

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian musician and composer. He lived from 1756 to 1791. He started composing at the age of five and wrote more than 600 pieces of music. He was only 35 years old when he died.

Lived/started/wrote/was/died - это всё - past simple.

B

Очень часто глагол в past simple имеет окончание -edправильных глаголов):

  • I work in a travel agency now. Before that I worked in a department store.
  • We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
  • The police stopped me on my way home last night.
  • Laura passed her examination because she studied very hard.

Но многие глаголы являются неправильными. Past simple, в таком случае, не оканчивается на -ed. Например:

write → wrote Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
see → saw We saw Rose in town a few days ago.
go → went I went to the cinema three times last week.
shut → shut It was cold, so I shut the window.

см. Список неправильных глаголов английского языка.

C

В вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях мы используем did/didn’t + инфинитив (enjoy/see/go и др.):

I
she
they
enjoyed
saw
went

did
you
she
they
enjoy?
see?
go?
I
she
they

didn’t
enjoy
see
go
  • A: Did you go out last night?
    B: Yes, I went to the cinema, but I didn’t enjoy the film much.
  • ‘When did Mr Thomas die?’ ‘About ten years ago.’
  • They didn’t invite her to the party, so she didn’t go.
  • Did you have time to write the letter?’ ‘No, I didn’t.’

В следующих примерах, do - главный глагол предложения (did ... do / didn’t do):

  • What did you do at the weekend? (not What did you at the weekend?)
  • I didn’t do anything. (not I didn’t anything)
D

Прошедшие формы глагола to be (am/is/are) это was/were:

I/he/she/it was/wasn’t
we/you/they were/weren’t
was I/he/she/it?
were we/you/they?

Заметьте, что мы не используем did в отрицаниях и вопросах с was/were:

  • I was angry because they were late.
  • Was the weather good when you were on holiday?
  • They weren’t able to come because they were so busy.
  • Did you go out last night or were you too tired?

Упражнения

1. Прочитайте что Лора (Laura) говорит о своем типичном рабочем дне:

I usually get up at 7 o’clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work, which takes me about half an hour. I start work at 8.45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o’clock. I’m always tired when get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don’t usually go out. I go to bed at about 11 o’clock, and I always sleep well.

Вчера у Лоры был типичный рабочий день. Напишите что она вчера делала и не делала.

  1. She a big breakfast.
  2. She .
  3. It to get to work.
  4. at 8.45.
  5. lunch.
  6. Key
  7. at 5 o’clock.
  8. tired when home.
  9. a meal yesterday evening.
  10. out yesterday evening.
  11. at 11 o’clock.
  12. well last night.

Key

2. Закончите предложения, используя глаголы в правильной форме:

buy catch cost fall hurt sell spend teach throw write

  1. Mozart more than 600 pieces of music.
  2. ‘How did you learn to drive?’ ‘My father me.’
  3. We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we it.
  4. Dave down the stairs this morning and his leg.
  5. Jim the ball to Sue, who it.
  6. Ann a lot of money yesterday. She a dress which £100.

Key

3. Вы спрашиваете Джеймса о его отпуске. Запишите вопросы.

— Hi. How are things?
— Fine, thanks. I’ve just had a great holiday.
— Where ?
— To the U.S. We went on a trip from San Francisco to Denver.
— How ? By car?
— Yes, we hired a car in San Francisco.
— It’s a long way to drive. How long ?
— Two weeks.
— Where ? In hotels?
— Yes, small hotels or motels.
?
— Yes, but it was very hot - sometimes too hot.
the Grand Canyon?
— Of course. It was wonderful.

Key

4. Закончите предложения. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму, положительную или отрицательную.

  1. It was warm, so I off my coat. (take)
  2. The film wasn’t very good. I it very much. (enjoy)
  3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I her. (disturb)
  4. I was very tired, so I the party early. (leave)
  5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I very well. (sleep)
  6. The window was open and a bird into the room. (fly)
  7. The hotel wasn’t very expensive. It very much. (cost)
  8. I was in a hurry, so I time to phone you. (have)
  9. It was hard carrying the bags. They very heavy. (be)

Key



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