Прилагательные на -ing и -ed

Урок 98
A

Прилагательных, оканчивающихся на -ing и -ed очень много, например: boring и bored. Изучите следующую ситуацию:

Jane has been doing the same job for a very long time. Every day she does exactly the same thing again and again. She doesn’t enjoy her job any more and would like to do something different.

Джейн делает одну и ту же работу очень долгое время. Каждый день она делает одно и то же снова и снова. Ей больше не нравится её работа, и она бы хотела делать что-нибудь другое.

Jane’s job is boring.

Работа Джейн – скучная.

Jane is bored (with her job).

Джейн скучно (от её работы).

Somebody is bored if something (or somebody else) is boring. Or, if something is boring, it makes you bored. Т.е.:

  • Jane is bored because her job is boring.
    Джейн скучно, потому что ее работа – скучная.
  • Jane’s job is boring, so Jane is bored. (not Jane is boring)
    Работа Джейн – скучная, поэтому Джейн скучно. (не Джейн – скучная)

Если человек – boring, это означает, что другим людям будет от него bored:

  • George always talks about the same things. He’s really boring.
    Джордж всегда говорит одно и то же. Он очень скучный.
B

Сравните прилагательные, оканчивающиеся на -ing и -ed:





My job is

boring.
скучная.
interesting.
интересная.
tiring.
утомительная
satisfying.
удовлетворяющая
depressing. etc.
унылая. и др.

  • I’m bored with my job.
    Мне надоела моя работа.
  • I’m not interested in my job any more.
    Я больше не заинтересован в своей работе.
  • I get very tired doing my job.
    Я сильно устаю, делая свою работу.
  • I’m not satisfied with my job.
    Я не доволен своей работой.
  • My job makes me depressed. etc.
    От моей работы у меня депрессия. и др.

В этих примерах, прилагательное на -ing сообщает нам о работе.

В этих примерах, прилагательное на -ed сообщает нам о том, как кто-либо себя чувствует (по поводу своей работы).

Сравните эти примеры:

interesting

interested

  • Julia thinks politics is interesting.
    Юлия думает, что политика это интересно.
  • Did you meet anyone interesting at the party?
    Ты встретила кого-нибудь интересного на вечеринке?
  • Julia is interested in politics. (not interesting in politics)
    Юлия заинтересована в политике.
  • Are you interested in buying a car? I’m trying to sell mine.
    Ты заинтересован в покупке машины? Я пытаюсь продать свою.

surprising

surprised

  • It was surprising that he passed the exam.
    Удивительно, что он сдал экзамен.
  • Everybody was surprised that he passed the exam.
    Все были удивлены, что он сдал экзамен.

disappointing

disappointed

  • The film was disappointing. We expected it to be much better.
    Фильм был разочаровывающим. Мы ожидали от него намного большего.
  • We were disappointed with the film. We expected it to be much better.
    Мы были разочарованы в фильме. Мы ожидали от него намного большего.

shocking

shocked

  • The news was shocking.
    Новости были шокирующими.
  • I was shocked when I heard the news.
    Я был шокирован, когда услышал новости.

Упражнения

1. Закончите предложения для каждой ситуации. Используйте слово в скобках + -ing или -ed.

  1. The film wasn’t as good as we had expected. (disappoint...)
    a. The film was .
    b. We were with the film.
  2. Donna teaches young children. It’s a very hard job, but she enjoys it. (exhaust...)
    a. She enjoys her job, but it’s often .
    b. At the end of a day’s work, she is often .
  3. It’s been raining all day. I hate this weather. (depress...)
    a. This weather is .
    b. This weather makes me .
    c. It’s silly to get because of the weather.
  4. Clare is going to Mexico next month. She has never been there before. (excit...)
    a. It will be an experience for her.
    b. Going to new places is always .
    c. She is really about going to Mexico.

Key

2. Отметьте галочкой правильное слово.

  1. I was disappointing / disappointed with the film. I had expected it to be better. (disappointedправильно)
  2. Are you interesting / interested in football?
  3. The football match was very exciting / excited, I enjoyed it.
  4. It’s sometimes embarrassing / embarrassed when you have to ask people for money.
  5. Do you easily get embarrassing / embarrassed?
  6. I had never expected to get the job. I was really amazing / amazed when I was offered it.
  7. Key
  8. She has really learnt very fast. She has made astonishing / astonished progress.
  9. I didn’t find the situation funny. I was not amusing / amused.
  10. It was a really terrifying / terrified experience. Afterwards everybody was very shocking / shocked.
  11. Why do you always look so boring / bored? Is your life really so boring / bored?
  12. He’s one of the most boring / bored people I’ve ever met. He never stops talking and he never says anything interesting / interested.

Key

3. Закончите каждое предложение, используя слово из рамочки.

amusing/amused
confusing/confused
exhausting/exhausted
annoying/annoyed
disgusting/disgusted
interesting/interested
boring/bored
exciting/excited
surprising/surprised
  1. He works very hard. It’s not that he’s always tired.
  2. I’ve got nothing to do. I’m .
  3. The teacher’s explanation was . Most of the students didn’t understand it.
  4. The kitchen hadn’t been cleaned for ages. It was really .
  5. I seldom visit art galleries. I’m not particularly in art.
  6. There’s no need to get just because I’m a few minutes late.
  7. Key
  8. The lecture was . I fell asleep.
  9. I’ve been working very hard all day and now I’m .
  10. I’m starting a new job next week. I’m very about it.
  11. Steve is very good at telling funny stories. He can be very .
  12. Liz is a very person. She knows a lot, she’s travelled a lot and she’s done lots of different things.

Key


Только зарегистрированные пользователи могут добавлять комментарии.