Порядок слов в английском предложении: наречия с глаголом

Урок 110
A

Некоторые наречия (например, always, also, probably) идут с глаголом в середине предложения:

  • Helen always drives to work.
  • We were feeling very tired and we were also hungry.
  • The concert will probably be cancelled.
B

Изучите эти правила по расположению наречий в середине предложения. (это только общие правила, т.е. есть и исключения)

1) Если глаголом является одно слово (drives/fell/cooked и т.п.), наречие (adverb) обычно идет перед глаголом (verb):

  adverb verb  
Helen always drives to work.
I almost fell as I was going down the stairs.
  • I cleaned the house and also cooked the dinner. (not cooked also)
  • Lucy hardly ever watches television and rarely reads newspapers.
  • ‘Shall I give you my address?’ ‘No, I already have it.’

Заметьте, что эти наречия (always/often/also и др.) идут перед have to ... (т.к. это цельная фраза):

  • Joe never phones me. I always have to phone him. (not I have always to phone)

2) Но наречия идут после am/is/are/was/were:

  • We were feeling very tired and we were also hungry.
  • Why are you always late? You’re never on time.
  • The traffic isn’t usually as bad as it was this morning.

3) Если глаголом является два и более слова (например, can remember / doesn’t eat / will be cancelled), наречие обычно идет после первого глагола (can/doesn’t/will и т.п.):

  verb 1 adverb verb 2  
I can never remember her name.
Clare doesn’t often eat meat.
  Are you definitely going away next week?
The concert will probably be cancelled.
  • You have always been very kind to me.
  • Jack can’t cook. He can’t even boil an egg.
  • Do you still work for the same company?
  • The house was only built a year ago and it’s already falling down.

Заметьте, что probably идет перед отрицанием (isn’t/won’t и т.п.). Т.е. мы говорим:

  • I probably won’t see you. or I will probably not see you. (not I won’t probably)
C

Мы также используем all и both в этих расположениях:

  • We all felt ill after the meal. (not we felt all ill)
  • My parents are both teachers. (not my parents both are teachers)
  • Sarah and Jane have both applied for the job.
  • We are all going out this evening.
D

Иногда мы используем is/will/did и др. вместо повторения части предложения (см. урок 51). Обратите внимание на расположение always/never и др. в этих предложениях:

  • He always says he won’t be late, but he always is. (= he is always late)
  • I’ve never done it and I never will. (= I will never do it)

Мы обычно ставим always/never и др. перед глаголом в таких предложениях.

Упражнения

1. Выделенные жирным слова расположены правильно или нет? Исправьте предложения там, где необходимо.

1.
Helen drives always to work.
2.
I cleaned the house and also cooked the dinner.
3.
I have usually a shower in the morning.
4.
We soon found the solution to the problem.
5.
Steve gets hardly ever angry.
6.
I did some shopping and I went also to the bank.
7.
Jane has always to hurry in the morning.
8.
We all were tired, so we all fell asleep.
9.
She always says she’ll phone me, but she never does.

Key

2. Перепешите предложение, включив слово в скобках.

  1. Clare doesn’t eat meat. (often)
  2. a. We were on holiday in Spain. (all)

    b. We were staying at the same hotel. (all)

    c. We enjoyed ourselves. (all)
  3. Catherine is very generous. (always)
  4. I don’t have to work on Saturdays. (usually)
  5. Do you watch TV in the evenings? (always)
  6. Key
  7. Martin is learning French, and he is learning Italian. (also)
  8. a. The new hotel is very expensive. (probably)

    b. It costs a lot to stay there. (probably)
  9. a. I can help you. (probably)

    b. I can’t help you. (probably)

Key

3. Закончите предложения. Используйте слова в скобках в правильном порядке.

  1. I her name. (remember / never / can)
  2. I sugar in coffee. (take / usually)
  3. I hungry when I get home from work. (am / usually)
  4. A: Where’s Joe?
    B: He home early. (gone / has / probably)
  5. Mark and Diane in Manchester. (both / were / born)
  6. Liz is a good pianist. She very well. (sing / also / can)
  7. Our car under the bed. (often / sleeps)
  8. They live in the same street as me, but I to them. (never / have / spoken)
  9. We a long time for the bus. (have / always / to wait)
  10. Key
  11. My eyesight isn’t very good. I with glasses. (read / can / only)
  12. I early tomorrow. (probably / leaving / will / be)
  13. I’m afraid I able to come to the party. (probably / be / won’t)
  14. It’s difficult to contact Sue. She at home when I phone her. (is / hardly ever)
  15. We in the same place. We haven’t moved. (still / are / living)
  16. If we hadn’t taken the same train, we each other. (never / met / would / have)
  17. A: Are you tired?
    B: Yes, I at this time of day. (am / always)

Key


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