Present continuous and present simple 1 (I am doing and I do)

Урок 3
Сравните:

Present continuous (I am doing)

Present simple (I do)

Мы используем present continuous, говоря о действиях, происходящих в момент речи или в настоящий период времени (вокруг момента речи). Действие не завершено.

Мы используем present simple, когда говорим о событиях в общем, или о событиях, которые случаются с определенной периодичностью.

  • The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?
  • Listen to those people. What language are they speaking?
  • Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now.
  • ‘I’m busy.’ ‘What are you doing?’
  • I’m getting hungry. Let’s go and eat.
  • Kate wants to work in Italy, so she’s learning Italian.
  • The population of the world is increasing very fast.

  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
  • Excuse me, do you speak English?
  • It doesn’t rain very much in summer.
  • What do you usually do at weekends?
  • I always get hungry in the afternoon.
  • Most people learn to swim when they are children.
  • Every day the population of the world increases by about 200,000 people.

Мы используем continuous для временных ситуаций:

Мы используем simple для постоянных ситуаций:

  • I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own.
  • A: You’re working hard today.
    B: Yes, I have a lot to do.

  • My parents live in Landon. They have lived there all their lives.
  • John isn’t lazy. He works hard most of the time.

Подробнее см. урок 1

Подробнее см. урок 2


I always do and I’m always doing

I always do (something) = Я делаю (что-либо) всегда:

  • I always go to work by car. (not I’m always going)

I’m always doing something’ имеет другое значение. Например:

I’ve lost my pen again. I’m always losing things.

I’m always losing things = Я часто теряю вещи, возможно, слишком часто, или чаще, чем обычно (негативный оттенок).

Еще два примера:

  • You’re always watching television. You should do something more active. (= You watch television too often = Ты смотришь телевизор слишком часто)
  • Tim is never satisfied. He’s always complaining. (= He complains too much = Он слишком много жалуется)

Упражнения

1. Находятся ли подчеркнутые глаголы в правильной грамматической форме? Исправьте, если необходимо.

1. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
2. The water boils. Can you turn it off?
3. Look! That man tries to open the door of your car.
4. Can you hear those people? What do they talk about?
5. The moon goes round the earth in about 27 days.
6. I must go now. It gets late.
7. I usually go to work by car.
8. ‘Hurry up! It’s time to leave.’ ‘OK, I come.’
9. I hear you’ve got a new job. How do you get on?
10. Paul is never late. He’s always getting to work on time.
11. They don’t get on well. They’re always arguing.

Key

2. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму: present continuous или present simple.

  1. Let’s go out. It (not / rain) now.
  2. Julia is very good at languages. She (speak) four languages very well.
  3. Hurry up! Everybody (wait) for you.
  4. (you / listen) to the radio?’ ‘No, you can turn it off.’
  5. (you / listen) to the radio every day?’ ‘No, just occasionally.’
  6. The River Nile (flow) into the Mediterranean.
  7. The river (flow) very fast today - much faster than usual.
  8. We usually (grow) vegetables in our garden, but this year we (not / grow) any.
  9. A: How’s your English?
    B: Not bad. I think it (improve) slowly.
  10. Rachel is in London at the moment. She (stay) at the Park Hotel. She always (stay) there when she’s in London.
  11. Key
  12. Can we stop walking soon? I (start) to feel tired.
  13. A: Can you drive?
    В: I (learn). My father (teach) me.
  14. 13. Normally I (finish) work at five, but this week I (work) until six to earn a little more money.
  15. My parents (live) in Manchester. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where (your parents / live)?
  16. Sonia (look) for a place to live. She (stay) with her sister until she finds somewhere.
  17. A: What (your brother / do)?
    B: He’s an architect, but he (not / work) at the moment.
  18. (at a party) I usually (enjoy) parties, but I (not / enjoy) this one very much.

Key

3. Закончите предложения B. Используйте always -ing.

  1. A: I’ve lost my pen again.
    B: Not again! ...
  2. A: The car has broken down again.
    B: That car is useless. It ...
  3. A: Look! You’ve made the same mistake again.
    B: Oh no, not again! I ...
  4. A: Oh, I’ve forgotten my glasses again.
    B: Typical! ...

Key



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