Although / though / even though; In spite of / despite

Урок 113
A

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

Last year Paul and Joanne had a holiday by the sea. It rained a lot, but they enjoyed themselves.

Год назад Пол и Джоанна были в отпуске у моря. Часто шёл дождь, но они хорошо провели время.

Вы можете сказать:

Although it rained a lot, they enjoyed themselves. (= It rained a lot, but they ...)

Несмотря на то, что часто шёл дождь, они хорошо провели время.

или

In spite of
Despite

}

the rain, they enjoyed themselves.

B

После although (хотя; несмотря на то, что) мы используем подлежащее + сказуемое:

  • Although it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.
  • I didn’t get the job although I had the necessary qualifications.
    Я не получил работу, хотя обладал необходимой квалификацией.

Сравните значение although и because:

  • We went out although it was raining.
    Мы пошли гулять несмотря на то, что шел дождь.
  • We didn’t go out because it was raining.
    Мы не пошли гулять, потому что шел дождь.
C

После in spite of или despite (= несмотря на), мы используем существительное, местоимение (this/that/what и др.) или -ing:

  • In spite of the rain, we enjoyed our holiday.
  • I didn’t get the job in spite of having the necessary qualifications.
  • She wasn’t well, but in spite of this she went to work.
    Она нехорошо себя чувствовала, но несмотря на это она пошла на работу.
  • In spite of what I said yesterday, I still love you.
    Несмотря на то, что я вчера сказал, я по-прежнему тебя люблю.

Despite это то же, что и in spite of. Мы говорим in spite of, но despite (без of):

  • She wasn’t well, but despite this she went to work. (not despite of this)

Вы можете сказать in spite of the fact (that) ... и despite the fact (that) ... :

  • I didn’t get the job in spite of the fact (that) I had the necessary qualifications.
    I didn’t get the job despite the fact (that) I had the necessary qualifications.

Сравните in spite of и because of:

  • We went out in spite of the rain. (or ... despite the rain. - несмотря на дождь)
  • We didn’t go out because of the rain. (из-за дождя)
D

Сравните although и in spite of / despite:

  • Although the traffic was bad, we arrived on time. (not In spite of the traffic was bad)
    In spite of the traffic, we arrived on time.
    Несмотря на пробки, мы прибыли вовремя.
  • I couldn’t sleep although I was very tired. (not despite I was tired)
    I couldn’t sleep despite being very tired.
    Я не мог уснуть несмотря на то, что очень устал.
E

Иногда мы используем though вместо although:

  • I didn’t get the job though I had the necessary qualifications.

В разговорном английском мы часто используем though в конце предложения:

  • The house isn’t very nice. I like the garden though. (= but I like the garden)
    Дом не очень хороший, хотя сад мне нравится.
  • I see them every day. I’ve never spoken to them though. (= but I’ve never spoken to them)
    Я вижу их каждый день, хотя никогда с ними не разговаривал.

Even though (но не просто ‘even’) – более сильная форма, чем although:

  • Even though I was really tired, I couldn’t sleep. (not Even I was really tired ...)
    Даже не смотря на то, что я очень устал, я не мог уснуть.

Упражнения

1. Закончите предложения. Используйте although + предложение из рамочки.

I didn’t speak the language
I had never seen her before
it was quite cold
I’d met her twice before

he has a very important job
we don’t like them very much
the heating was on
we’ve known each other a long time


  1. , he isn’t particularly well-paid.

  2. , I recognised her from a photograph.
  3. She wasn’t wearing a coat
  4. We thought we’d better invite them to the party

  5. , I managed to make myself understood.

  6. , the room wasn’t warm.
  7. I didn’t recognise her
  8. We’re not very good friends

Key

2. Закончите предложения, выбрав although / in spite of / because / because of.

  1. it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.
  2. a. all our careful plans, a lot of things went wrong.
    b. we’d planned everything carefully, a lot of things went wrong.
  3. a. I went home early I was feeling unwell.
    b. I went to work the next day I was still feeling unwell.
  4. a. She only accepted the job the salary, which was very high.
    b. She accepted the job the salary, which was rather low.
  5. a. I managed to get to sleep there was a lot of noise.
    b. I couldn’t get to sleep the noise.
  6. Key
    Закончите следующие предложения, используя свои собственные идеи:
  7. a. He passed the exam although

    b. He passed the exam because
  8. a. I didn’t eat anything although

    b. I didn’t eat anything in spite of

Key

3. Составьте одно предложение из двух. Используйте слова в скобках в своих предложениях.

  1. I couldn’t sleep. I was very tired. (despite)
  2. They have very little money. They are happy. (in spite of)
    Key
  3. My foot was injured. I managed to walk to the nearest village. (although)
    Key
  4. I enjoyed the film. The story was silly. (in spite of)
    Key
  5. We live in the same street. We hardly ever see each other. (despite)
    Key
  6. I got very wet in the rain. I was only out for five minutes. (even though)

Key

4. Используйте слова в скобках, чтобы составить предложение с though на конце.

  1. The house isn’t very nice. (like / garden)
  2. It’s warm today. (very windy)
  3. We didn’t like the food. (ate)
  4. Liz is very nice. (don’t like / husband)

Key


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