Разница have и have got

Урок 17
A

Have got и have (= для владения, отношений, болезней и др..)

Вы можете использовать have got или have (без got). Смысл не изменится:

  • They’ve got a new car. or They have a new car.
  • Lisa’s got two brothers. or Lisa has two brothers.
  • I’ve got a headache. or I have a headache.
  • Our house has got a small garden. or Our house has a small garden.
  • He’s got a few problems. or He has a few problems.

Примечание: Вариант have got чаще используется в британском английском, чем в американском. Как в британском, так и в американском, have got более неформальный вариант, чем have, поэтому почти всегда будет в сокращенном виде ’ve got.

В значении possession (владение, обладание), вы не можете использовать формы continuous (am having и др.):

  • We’re enjoying our holiday. We’ve got / We have a nice room in the hotel. (not We’re having)

В прошедшем времени мы используем had (без got):

  • Lisa had long hair when she was a child. (not Lisa had got)
B

В вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях возможны три формы:

Have you got any questions?
I haven’t got any questions.
Do you have any questions?
I don’t have any questions.
Have you any questions? (редко)
I haven’t any questions. (редко)
Has she got a car?
She hasn’t got a car.
Does she have a car?
She doesn’t have a car.
Has she a car? (редко)
She hasn’t a car. (редко)

В вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях прошедшего времени мы используем did/didn’t:

  • Did you have a car when you were living in London?
  • I didn’t have a watch, so I didn’t know the time.
  • Lisa had long hair, didn’t she?
C

Have breakfast / have a bath / have a good time etc.

Мы также используем have (но не have got) для многих устойчивых выражений. Например:




have {

breakfast / dinner / a cup of coffee / something to eat etc.
a bath / a shower / a swim / a break / a rest / a party / a holiday
an accident / an experience / a dream
a look (at something)
a chat / a conversation / a discussion (with somebody)
difficulty / trouble / fun / a good time etc.
a baby (= родить ребенка)

Использование have got в случаях выше невозможно. Сравните:

  • Sometimes I have (= eat) a sandwich for my lunch. (not I’ve got)

но

I’ve got / I have some sandwiches. Would you like one?

С выражениями выше можно использовать формы continuous (am having и др.):

  • We’re enjoying our holiday. We’re having a great time. (not We have)
  • Mike is having a shower at the moment. He has a shower every day.

В вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях мы используем do/does/did:

  • I don’t usually have a big breakfast. (not I usually haven’t)
  • What time does Jenny have lunch? (not has Jenny lunch)
  • Did you have difficulty finding a place to live?

Упражнения

1. Напишите отрицательные предложения с have. Некоторые из них в настоящем времени (can’t), а некоторые в прошедшем (couldn’t).

  1. I can’t get into the house. (a key)
  2. I couldn’t read the letter. (my glasses)
  3. I can’t get onto the roof. (a ladder)
  4. We couldn’t visit the museum. (enough time)
  5. He couldn’t find his way to our house. (a map)
  6. She can’t pay her bills. (any money)
  7. I can’t go swimming today. (enough energy)
  8. They couldn’t take any photographs. (a camera)

Key

2. Закончите предложения с have. Некоторые из них в настоящем, а некоторые в прошедшем времени.

  1. Excuse me, a pen I could borrow?
  2. Why are you holding your face like that? a toothache?
  3. a lot of toys when you were a child?
  4. A: the time, please?
    B: Yes, it’s ten past seven.
  5. I need a stamp for this letter. one?
  6. When you worked in your last job, your own office?
  7. A: It started to rain very heavily while I was out.
    B: an umbrella?

Key

3. Напишите предложения о себе. Есть ли у вас сейчас эти вещи? Были ли эти вещи у вас десять лет назад?
Напишите по два предложения, используя I’ve got / I haven’t got и I had / I didn’t have. (Вы также можете писать о вашей семье: We’ve got ... / We had ... и т.д.).

сейчас

десять лет назад

1. (a car)

2. (a bike)

3. (a mobile phone)

4. (a dog)

5. (a guitar)

6. (long hair)

7. (a driving licence)

Key

4. Завершите предложения. Используйте выражение из списка и поставьте глагол в правильную форму, если необходимо.

have a baby
have a look
have a break
have lunch
have a chat
have a party
have difficulty
have a nice time
have a good flight
have a shower
  1. I don’t eat much during the day. I never .
  2. David starts work at 8 o’clock and at 10.30.
  3. We last week. It was great - we invited lots of people.
  4. Excuse me, can I at your newspaper, please?
  5. Jim is away on holiday at the moment. I hope he .
  6. I met Ann in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and .
  7. A: finding the book you wanted?
    B: No, I found it OK.
  8. Suzanne a few weeks ago. It’s her second child.
  9. A: Why didn’t you answer the phone?
    В: I .
  10. You meet your friend Sally at the airport. She has just arrived. You say:
    Hi. Sally. How are you?

Key



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