Глагол + -ing или инфинитив to ... 2: употребление try / need / help

Урок 57
Try to ... и try -ing

Try to do = пытаться сделать, делать попытку:

  • I was very tired. I tried to keep my eyes open, but I couldn’t.
  • Please try to be quiet when you come home. Everyone will be asleep.

Try также означает ‘делать что-то в качестве эксперимента или теста’. Например:

  • These cakes are delicious. You should try one. (= тебе нужно попробовать, чтобы понять, нравится тебе они или нет)
  • We couldn’t find anywhere to stay. We tried every hotel in the town, but they were all full. (= мы заходили в каждую гостиницу, чтобы узнать есть ли у них свободная комната)

Если после try (с этим значением) следует глагол, мы говорим try -ing:

  • A: The photocopier doesn’t seem to be working.
    B: Try pressing the green button.
     (= нажми зеленую кнопку - возможно, это поможет решить проблему)

Сравните:

  • I tried to move the table, but it was too heavy. (т.е. я не мог его сдвинуть)
  • I didn’t like the way the furniture was arranged, so I tried moving the table to the other side of the room. But it still didn’t look right, so I moved it back again.
Need to ... и need -ing

I need to do something = это нужно сделать, и это нужно мне:

  • I need to take more exercise.
  • He needs to work harder if he wants to make progress.
  • I don’t need to come to the meeting, do I?

Something needs doing = это необходимо сделать:

  • The batteries in the radio need changing. (= батарейки нужно заменить)
  • Do you think my jacket needs cleaning? (= ... нужно почистить)
  • It’s a difficult problem. It needs thinking about very carefully. (= об этом нужно подумать)

Help и can’t help

Вы можете сказать help to do или help do (с или без to):

  • Everybody helped to clean up after the party.
    или Everybody helped clean up ...
  • Can you help me to move this table?
    или Can you help me move ...

I can’t help doing something = я не могу не сделать что-либо:

  • I don’t like him, but he has a lot of problems. I can’t help feeling sorry for him.
    Мне он не нравится, но у него куча проблем. Всё равно мне его жаль, ничего не могу поделать.
  • She tried to be serious, but she couldn’t help laughing. (= она не могла остановить свой смех)
  • I’m sorry I’m so nervous. I can’t help it. (= я не могу перестать волноваться)

Упражнения

1. Предложите решения, используя try + один из следующих предложений (suggestions):

phone his office
turn it the other way
move the aerial
take an aspirin
change the batteries
  1. — The radio isn’t working. I wonder what’s wrong with it.
  2. — I can’t open the door. The key won’t turn.
  3. — The TV picture isn’t very good. What can I do about it?
  4. — I can’t contact Fred. He’s not at home. What shall I do?
  5. — I’ve got a terrible headache. I wish it would go.

Key

2. Для каждой картинки напишите предложение с need(s) + один из следующих глаголов:

clean cut empty paint tighten

1.
This jacket is dirty.
2.
The room isn’t very nice.
3.
The grass is very long.
4.
The screws are loose.
5.
The bin is full.

Key

3. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму.

1.
a.
I was very tired. I tried (keep) my eyes open, but I couldn’t.
b.
I rang the doorbell, but there was no answer. Then I tried (knock) on the door, but there was still no answer.
c.
We tried (put) the fire out but without success. We had to call the fire brigade.
d.
Sue needed to borrow some money. She tried (ask) Gerry, but he was short of money too.
e.
I tried (reach) the shelf, but I wasn’t tall enough.
f.
Please leave me alone. I’m trying (concentrate).
Key
2.
a.
I need a change. I need (go) away for a while.
b.
My grandmother isn’t able to look after herself any more. She needs (look) after.
c.
The windows are dirty. They need (clean).
d.
Your hair is getting very long. It needs (cut).
e.
You don’t need (iron) that shirt. It doesn’t need (iron).
Key
3.
a.
They were talking very loudly. I couldn’t help (overhear) what they said.
b.
Can you help me (get) the dinner ready?
c.
He looks so funny. Whenever I see him, I can’t help (smile).
d.
The fine weather helped (make) it a very enjoyable holiday.

Key



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