Прилагательные + предлоги: of (и др. устойчивые сочетания, часть 2)

Урок 131
Прилагательное + of (1)

afraid / frightened / terrified / scared OF ...

  • ‘Are you afraid of spiders?’ ‘Yes, I’m terrified of them.’
    ‘Ты боишься пауков?’ ‘Да, я в ужасе от них.’

fond / proud / ashamed / jealous / envious OF ...

  • Why are you always so jealous of other people?
    Почему ты постоянно завидуешь другим людями?

suspicious / critical / tolerant OF ...

  • He didn’t trust me. He was suspicious of my intentions.
    Он мне не поверил. Он с подозрением отнёсся к моим намерениям.
Прилагательное + of (2)

aware / conscious OF ...

  • ‘Did you know he was married?’ ‘No, I wasn’t aware of that.’
    ‘Ты знала, что он женат?’ ‘Нет, я не знала об этом.’ (осведомлена)

capable / incapable OF ...

  • I’m sure you are capable of passing the examination.
    Я уверен, что ты способен сдать экзамен.

full / short OF ...

  • The letter I wrote was full of mistakes. (not full with)
    В письме, которое я написал, полно ошибок.
  • I’m a bit short of money. Can you lend me some?
    Мне немного не хватает денег. Можешь мне одолжить?

typical OF ...

  • He’s late again. It’s typical of him to keep everybody waiting.
    Он опять опоздал. Как типично для него заставлять всех ждать.

tired / sick OF ...

  • Come on, let’s go! I’m tired of waiting. (= I’ve had enough of waiting.)
    Давай, пошли! Я устала ждать. (= я уже достаточно ждала)

certain / sure OF or ABOUT ...

  • I think she’s arriving this evening, but I’m not sure of that. or ... sure about that.
    Я думаю, что она приезжает этим вечером, но я не уверен в этом.
Прилагательное + at / to / from / in / on / with / for

good / bad / brilliant / better / hopeless etc. AT ...

  • I’m not very good at repairing things. (not good in repairing things)
    У меня не очень хорошо получается ремонтировать вещи. (досл.: хорош в)

married / engaged TO ...

  • Linda is married to an American. (not married with)
    Линда замужем за американцем.

но

Linda is married with three children. (= she is married and has three children)
Линда замужем, с тремя детьми. (= она замужем, и у нее трое детей)

similar TO ...

  • Your writing is similar to mine.
    Твой почерк похож на мой.

different FROM or different TO ...

  • The film was different from what I’d expected. (or different to what I’d expected.)
    Фильм отличался от того, что я ожидал.

interested IN ...

  • Are you interested in art?
    Вы интересуетесь искусством? (досл.: заинтересованы в)

keen ON ...

  • We stayed at home because Chris wasn’t very keen on going out.
    Мы остались дома, потому что Крис был не очень заинтересован в прогулке.

dependent ON ... (но independent OF ...)

  • I don’t want to be dependent on anybody.
    Я не хочу зависеть ни от кого.

crowded WITH (people etc.)

  • The streets were crowded with tourists. (but full of tourists)
    На улицах было полно туристов.

famous FOR ...

  • The Italian city of Florence is famous for its art treasures.
    Итальянский город Флоренция знаменит своими художественными ценностями.

responsible FOR ...

  • Who was responsible for all that noise last night?
    Кто несет ответственность за вчерашний шум ночью?

Упражнения

1. Закончите второе предложение так, чтобы у него было такое же значение, как и у первого.

  1. There were lots of tourists in the streets.
  2. There was a lot of furniture in the room.
  3. I don’t like sport very much.
  4. We don’t have enough time.
  5. I’m not a very good tennis player.
  6. Catherine’s husband is Russian.
  7. I don’t trust Robert.
  8. My problem is not the same as yours.

Key

2. Закончите предложения, используя следующие прилагательные + правильный предлог:

afraid different interested proud responsible similar sure

  1. I think she’s arriving this evening, but I’m not that.
  2. Your camera is mine, but it isn’t exactly the same.
  3. Don’t worry. I’ll look after you. There’s nothing to be .
  4. I never watch the news on television. I’m not the news.
  5. The editor is the person who is what appears in a newspaper.
  6. Sarah is a keen gardener. She’s very her garden and loves showing it to visitors.
  7. I was surprised when I met Lisa for the first time. She was what I expected.

Key

3. Вставьте правильный предлог.

  1. The letter I wrote was full mistakes.
  2. My home town is not an especially interesting place. It’s not famous anything.
  3. Kate is very fond her younger brother.
  4. I don’t like going up ladders. I’m scared heights.
  5. You look bored. You don’t seem interested what I’m saying.
  6. Did you know that Liz is engaged a friend of mine?
  7. I’m not ashamed what I did. In fact I’m quite proud it.
  8. I suggested that we should all go out for a meal, but nobody else was keen the idea.
  9. These days everybody is aware the dangers of smoking.
  10. Key
  11. The station platform was crowded people waiting for the train.
  12. Sue is much more successful than I am. Sometimes I feel a bit jealous her.
  13. I’m tired doing the same thing every day. I need a change.
  14. Do you know anyone who might be interested buying an old car?
  15. We’ve got plenty to eat. The fridge is full food.
  16. She is a very honest person. I don’t think she is capable telling a lie.
  17. Helen works hard and she’s extremely good her job.
  18. I’m not surprised he changed his mind at the last moment. That’s typical him.
  19. Mark has no money of his own. He’s totally dependent his parents.
  20. We’re short staff in our office at the moment. We need more people to do the work.

Key

4. Напишите предложения о себе. Хорошо вы справляетесь с указанными делами или нет? Используйте следующее:

good

not very good

quite good

hopeless

  1. (repairing things)
  2. (telling jokes)
  3. (mathematics)
  4. (remembering names)

Key


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