Future continuous (will be doing) и future perfect (will have done)

Урок 24
A

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

These people are standing in a queue to get into the cinema.

Half an hour from now, the cinema will be full.
Everyone will be watching the film. (будут смотреть)

Three hours from now, the cinema will be empty.
The film will have finished. (закончится)
Everybody will have gone home. (уйдут)

B

I will be doing something (future continuous) = я буду делать что-то = я буду в процессе работы над этим:

  • This time next week I’ll be on holiday. I’ll be lying on the beach or swimming in the sea.
  • You have no chance of getting the job. You’ll be wasting your time if you apply for it.

Сравните will be (do)ing и will (do):

  • Don’t phone between 6 and 7. We’ll be having dinner.
  • Let’s wait for Liz to arrive and then we’ll have dinner.

В обоих случаях переводится как ‘будем обедать’, только в первом случае имеется в виду период с 6 до 7. (да, обед у них может быть и вечером)

Сравните will be -ing с другими формами continuous:

  • At 10 o’clock yesterday, Sally was in her office. She was working. (past)
  • It’s 10 o’clock now. She is in her office. She is working. (present)
  • At 10 o’clock tomorrow, she will be in her office. She will be working.
C

Мы также используем will be -ing и когда говорим о законченных действиях в будущем (по сравнению с п. B). Например:

  • The government will be making a statement about the crisis later today.
  • Will you be going away this summer?
  • Later in the programme, I’ll be talking to the Minister of Education ...
  • Our best player is injured and won’t be playing in the game on Saturday.

В этих примерах will be -ing походит на (be) going to ... .

D

Мы используем will have (done) (future perfect), чтобы сказать, что что-то будет завершено до другого времени в будущем. Например:

  • Sally always leaves for work at 8.30 in the morning. She won’t be at home at 9 o’clock - she’ll have gone to work. (ее не будет уже раньше 9 часов, до 9 ч.)
  • We’re late. The film will already have started by the time we get to the cinema. (фильм начнется раньше, чем они придут)

Сравните will have (done) с другими формами perfect:

  • Ted and Amy have been married for 24 years. (present perfect)
  • Next year they will have been married for 25 years.
  • When their son was born, they had been married for three years. (past perfect)

Упражнения

1. Прочитайте о Колине. Отметьте галочкой предложения, которые являются правдой. В каждой группе предложений хотя бы один правдивый.

Colin goes to work every day. He leaves home at 8 o’clock and arrives at work at about 8.45. He starts work immediately and continues until 12.30 when he has lunch (which takes about half an hour). He starts work again ar 1.15 and goes home at exactly 4.30. Every day he follows the same routine and tomorrow will be no exception.

At 7.45
a
he’ll be leaving the house
b
he’ll have left the house
c
he’ll be at home
d
he’ll be having breakfast
At 8.15
a
he’ll be leaving the house
b
he’ll have left the house
c
he’ll have arrived ar work
d
he’ll be arriving at work
At 9.15
a
he’ll be working
b
he’ll start work
c
he’ll have started work
d
he’ll be arriving at work
At 12.45
a
he’ll have lunch
b
he’ll be having lunch
c
he’ll have finished his lunch
d
he’ll have started his lunch
At 4 o’clock
a
he’ll have finished work
b
he’ll finish work
c
he’ll be working
d
he won’t have finished work
At 4.45
a
he’ll leave work
b
he’ll be leaving work
c
he’ll have left work
d
he’ll have arrived home

Key

2. Поставьте глагол в соответствующую правильную форму: will be (do)ing или will have (done).

  1. Don’t phone between 7 and 8. (we / have) dinner then.
  2. Phone me after 8 o’clock. (we / finish) dinner by then.
  3. Tomorrow afternoon we’re going to play tennis from 3 o’clock until 4.30. So at 4 o’clock, (we / play) tennis.
  4. A: Can we meet tomorrow?
    B: Yes, but not in the afternoon. (I / work).
  5. В has to go to a meeting which begins at 10 o’clock. It will last about an hour.
    A: Will you be free at 11.30?
    B: Yes, (the meeting / end) by then.
  6. Ben is on holiday and he is spending his money very quickly. If he continues like this, (he / spend) all his money before the end of his holiday.
  7. Do you think (you / still / do) the same job in ten years’ time?
  8. Lisa is from New Zealand. She is travelling around Europe at the moment. So far she has travelled about 1,000 miles. By the end of the trip, (she / travel) more than 3,000 miles.
  9. If you need to contact me, (I / stay) at the Lion Hotel until Friday.
  10. A: (you / see) Laura tomorrow?
    B: Yes, probably. Why?
    A: I borrowed this flash drive from her. Can you give it back to her?

Key



Поставьте галочку "поделиться с друзьями", чтобы получать уведомления об ответах на ваши комментарии, иначе их можно будет увидеть только через компьютер, без уведомлений.

Только зарегистрированные пользователи могут добавлять комментарии.