Разница между предлогами in / at / on (часть 3)

Урок 125

Начало этой темы в уроке 123.

A

In hospital / at home и др.

Мы говорим, что somebody is in hospital / in prison / in jail:

  • Ann’s mother is in hospital.
    Мать Ани в больнице.

Мы говорим, что somebody is at home / at work / at school / at university / at college:

  • I’ll be at work until 5.30, but I’ll be at home all evening.
    Я буду на работе до 17:30, но я буду дома весь вечер.
  • Julia is studying chemistry at university.
    Юлия изучает химию в университете.

Также at sea (= on a voyage = в морском путешествии). Сравните at sea и in the sea:

  • It was a long voyage. We were at sea for 30 days.
    Это было долгое путешествие. Мы провели в море 30 дней.
  • I love swimming in the sea.
    Я люблю купаться в море.
B

At a party / at a concert и др.

Мы говорим, что somebody is at an event (на каком-либо мероприятии: at a party / at a conference и др.):

  • Were there many people at the party / at the meeting / at the wedding?
    На вечеринке / на встрече / на свадьбе было много людей?
  • I saw Steve at a football match / at a concert on Saturday.
    Я видел Стива на футбольном матче / на концерте в субботу.
C

In и at для зданий

Часто можно испльзовать in или at со зданиями. Например, вы можете кушать in a restaurant или at a restaurant; вы можете купить что-нибудь in a supermarket или at a supermarket. Обычно мы говорим at, когда мы говорим о том, где будет проходить какое-либо мероприятие (например: a concert, a film, a party, a meeting):

  • We went to a concert at the Royal Festival Hall.
    Мы ходили на концерт в (концертный зал) Royal Festival Hall.
  • The meeting took place at the company’s head office in Frankfurt.
    Совещание прошло в главном офисе компании во Франкфурте.

Мы говорим at the station / at the airport:

  • Don’t meet me at the station. I can get a taxi.
    Не встречай меня на вокзале. Я могу вызвать такси.

Мы говорим at somebody’s house:

  • I was at Sue’s house last night. или I was at Sue’s last night.
    Вчера вечером я была в доме Сью. (в гостях у Сью)

Также at the doctor’s (у врача), at the hairdresser’s (у парикмахера) и т.п.

Мы используем in, когда думаем о самом здании. Сравните:

  • We had dinner at the hotel.
    All the rooms in the hotel have air conditioning. (not at the hotel)
    Мы пообедали в гостинице.
    Все номера в гостиницы были оснащены кондиционерами.
  • I was at Sue’s (house) last night.
    It’s always cold in Sue’s house. The heating doesn’t work very well. (not at Sue’s house)
    Вчера вечером я была у Сью (в доме Сью).
    В доме Сью всегда холодно. Отопление работает не очень хорошо.
D

In и at для городов и др.

Мы обычно используем in с городами (cities и towns) и с деревнями:

  • Sam’s parents live in Nottingham. (not at Nottingham)
    Родители Сэм живут в Ноттингеме.
  • The Louvre is a famous art museum in Paris. (not at Paris)
    Лувр – знаменитый художественный музей Парижа. (досл.: в Париже)

But you can use at or in when you think of the place as a point or station on a journey:

  • Does this train stop at (or in) Nottingham? (= at Nottingham station)
    Этот поезд останавливается в Ноттингеме? (= на станции Ноттингем)
  • We stopped at (or in) a small village on the way to London.
    Мы остановились в маленькой деревне по пути в Лондон.
E

On a bus / in a car и др.

Мы обычно говорим on a bus / on a train / on a plane / on a ship, ноin a car / in a taxi:

  • The bus was very full. There were too many people on it.
    Автобус был переполнен. В нем было слишком много людей.
  • Mary arrived in a taxi.
    Мария приехала на такси.

Мы говорим on a bike (= bicycle) / on a motorbike / on a horse:

  • Jane passed me on her bike.
    Джейн проехала мимо меня на велосипеде.

Упражнения

1. Ответьте на вопросы о картинках. Используйте in, at или on со словами под картинками.

1. You can hire a car
2. Dave is
3. Karen is
4. Martin is
5. Judy is
6. I saw Gary
7. We spent a few days
8. We went to a show

Key

2. Закончите предложения. Используйте in, at или on + следующее:

sea
the plane
hospital
school
a taxi
prison
the station
the airport
the cinema
the sports centre
  1. My train arrives at 11.30. Can you meet me ?
  2. We walked to the restaurant, but we went home .
  3. I’d like to see a film. What’s on this week?
  4. Some people are for crimes that they did not commit.
  5. ‘What does your sister do? Has she got a job?’ ‘No, she’s still .’
  6. I play basketball on Friday evenings.
  7. A friend of mine was injured in an accident a few days ago. She’s still .
  8. Our flight was delayed. We had to wait for four hours.
  9. I enjoyed the flight, but the food wasn’t very nice.
  10. Bill works on ships. He is most of the time.

Key

3. Закончите предложения, выбрав in, at или on.

  1. We went to a concert the Royal Festival Hall.
  2. It was a very slow train. It stopped every station.
  3. My parents live a small village about 50 miles from London.
  4. I haven’t seen Kate for some time. I last saw her David’s wedding.
  5. We stayed a very nice hotel when we were Amsterdam.
  6. There were fifty rooms the hotel.
  7. I don’t know where my umbrella is. Perhaps I left it the bus.
  8. Key
  9. I wasn’t in when you phoned. I was my sister’s house.
  10. There must be somebody the house. The lights are on.
  11. The exhibition the Museum of Modern Art finished on Saturday.
  12. Shall we travel your car or mine?
  13. What are you doing home? I expected you to be work.
  14. ‘Did you like the film?’ ‘Yes, but it was too hot the cinema.’
  15. Paul lives Birmingham. He’s a student Birmingham University.

Key


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