Употребление too и enough

Урок 103
A

Enough (достаточно) идет после прилагательных и наречий:

  • I can’t run very far. I’m not fit enough. (not enough fit)
    Я не могу пробежать очень далеко. Я в недостаточно хорошей форме.
  • Let’s go. We’ve waited long enough.
    Пошли. Мы подождали достаточно долго.
  • Is Joe going to apply for the job? Is he experienced enough?
    Джо собирается подавать заявление о приеме на работу? У него достаточно опыта?

Сравните too ... (слишком) и not ... enough:

  • You never stop working. You work too hard. (= more than is necessary)
    Ты никак не прекратишь работать. Ты слишком много/усердно работаешь. (= больше, чем необходимо)
  • You’re lazy. You don’t work hard enough. (= less than is necessary)
    Ты ленивый. Ты недостаточно усердно работаешь. (= меньше, чем необходимо)
B

Enough обычно идет перед существительными:

  • I can’t run very far. I haven’t got enough energy. (not energy enough)
  • Is Joe going to apply for the job? Does he have enough experience?
  • We’ve got enough money. We don’t need any more.
  • Some of us had to sit on the floor because there weren’t enough chairs.

Заметьте, что мы говорим:

  • We didn’t have enough time. (not the time wasn’t enough)
  • There is enough money. (not the money is enough)

Вы можете использовать enough без существительного:

  • We don’t need any more money. We’ve got enough. – У нас достаточно (денег).

Сравните too much/many и enough:

  • There’s too much furniture in this room. There’s not enough space.
    В этой комнате слишком много мебели. Не достаточно места.
  • There were too many people and not enough chairs.
    Было слишком много людей и недостаточно стульев.
C

Мы говорим enough/too ... for somebody/something:

  • We haven’t got enough money for a holiday.
    У нас недостаточно денег на отпуск.
  • Is Joe experienced enough for the job?
    У Джо достаточно опыта для этой работы?
  • This shirt is too big for me. I need a smaller size.
    Эта рубашка слишком большая для меня. Мне нужен размер поменьше.

Но мы говорим enough/too ... to do something (not for doing). Например:

  • We haven’t got enough money to go on holiday. (not for going)
  • Is Joe experienced enough to do the job?
  • They’re too young to get married. / They’re not old enough to get married.
    Они слишком молоды для вступления в брак. / ... не достаточно взрослые ...
  • Let’s get a taxi. It’s too far to walk home from here.
    Давай возьмем такси. До дома слишком далеко идти отсюда.
  • The bridge is just wide enough for two cars to pass each other.
    Мост достаточно широк для того, чтобы две машины могли разъехаться.
D

Мы говорим:

 
The food was very hot. We couldn’t eat it.
и
The food was so hot that we couldn’t eat it.
но
The food was too hot to eat. (без it)
Еда была слишком горячей, чтобы есть.

Еще примеры:

  • These boxes are too heavy to carry. (not too heavy to carry them)
    Эти ящики слишком тяжелые, чтобы их унести.
  • The wallet was too big to put in my pocket. (not too big to put it)
    Бумажник был слишком большим, чтобы положить в карман.
  • This chair isn’t strong enough to stand on. (not strong enough to stand on it)
    Этот стул не достаточно крепкий, чтобы на нем стоять.

Упражнения

1. Закончите предложения, используя enough и следующие слова:

big chairs cups fit milk money qualifications room time warm well

  1. I can’t run very far. I’m not .
  2. Some of us had to sit on the floor because there weren’t .
  3. I’d like to buy a car, but I haven’t got at the moment.
  4. Have you got in your coffee or would you like some more?
  5. Are you ? Or shall I switch on the heating?
  6. It’s only a small car. There isn’t for all of us.
  7. Steve didn’t feel to go to work this morning.
  8. I enjoyed my trip to Paris, but there wasn’t to do everything I wanted.
  9. Do you think I’ve got to apply for the job?
  10. Try this jacket on and see if it’s for you.
  11. There weren’t for everybody to have coffee at the same time.

Key

2. Закончите ответы на вопросы. Используйте too или enough + слова в скобках.

  1. — Are they going to get married? (old)
    — No, they’re not .
  2. — I need to talk to you about something. (busy)
    — Well, I’m afraid I’m to you now.
  3. — Let’s go to the cinema. (late)
    — No, it’s to the cinema.
  4. — Why don’t we sit outside? (warm)
    — It’s not outside.
  5. — Would you like to be a politician? (shy)
    — No, I’m a politician.
  6. — Would you like to be a teacher? (patience)
    — No, I haven’t got a teacher.
  7. — Did you hear what he was saying? (far away)
    — No, we were what he was saying.
  8. — Can he read a newspaper in English? (English)
    — No, he doesn’t know a newspaper.

Key

3. Составьте одно предложение из двух. Закончите новое предложение, используя too или enough.

  1. We couldn’t carry the boxes. They were too heavy.
  2. I can’t drink this coffee. It’s too hot.
  3. Nobody could move the piano. It was too heavy.
  4. Don’t eat these apples. They’re not ripe enough.
  5. I can’t explain the situation. It is too complicated.
  6. We couldn’t climb over the wall. It was too high.
  7. Three people can’t sit on this sofa. It isn’t big enough.
  8. You can’t see some things without a microscope. They are too small.

Key


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