Существительное + предлоги: for, of, in, to, with/between (устойчивые сочетания)

Урок 129
Существительное + for ...

a cheque FOR (a sum of money)

  • They sent me a cheque for £150.
    Они прислали мне чек на £150.

a demand / a need FOR ...

  • The company closed down because there wasn’t enough demand for its product.
    Компания прекратила свою деятельность, потому что не было достаточного спроса на ее продукцию.
  • There’s no excuse for behaviour like that. There’s no need for it.
    Нет оправдания подобному поведению. В нем нет необходимости.

a reason FOR ...

  • The train was late, but nobody knew the reason for the delay. (not reason of)
    Поезд опаздывал, но никто не знал причины задержки.
Существительное + of ...

an advantage / a disadvantage OF ...

  • The advantage of living alone is that you can do what you like.
    Преимуществом жизни в одиночестве является то, что ты можешь делать то, что хочешь.

но there is an advantage in (or to) doing something

  • There are many advantages in living alone. (or ... to living alone)
    У (досл.: в) жизни в одиночестве есть много преимуществ.

a cause OF ...

  • The cause of the explosion is unknown.
    Причина взрыва неизвестна.

a photograph / a picture / a map / a plan / a drawing (etc.) OF ...

  • Rachel showed me some photographs of her family.
    Рейчел показала мне несколько фотографий своей семьи.
  • I had a map of the town, so I was able to find my way around.
    У меня была карта города, поэтому я смог в нем сориентироваться.
Существительное + in ...

an increase / a decrease / a rise / a fall IN (prices etc.)

  • There has been an increase in the number of road accidents recently.
    В последнее время возросло количество дорожных происшествий. (досл.: увеличение в)
  • Last year was a bad one for the company. There was a big fall in sales.
    Прошлый год был плохим для компании. Продажи сильно упали. (досл.: падение в продажах)
Существительное + to ...

damage TO ...

  • The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage to the other car.
    Авария произошла по моей вине, поэтому мне пришлось заплатить за причиненный ущерб другой машине.

an invitation TO ... (a party / a wedding etc.)

  • Did you get an invitation to the party?
    Ты получил приглашение на вечеринку?

a solution TO (a problem) / a key TO (a door) / an answer TO (a question) / a reply TO (a letter) / a reaction TO ...

  • I hope we’ll find a solution to the problem. (not a solution of the problem)
    Надеюсь, что мы найдем решение проблемы.
  • I was surprised at her reaction to my suggestion.
    Я был удивлен ее реакцией на мое предложение.

attitude TO ... (or TOWARDS ...)

  • His attitude to his job is very negative. or His attitude towards his job ...
    Его отношение к своей работе весьма негативное.
Существительное + with ... / between ...

a relationship / a connection / contact WITH ...

  • Do you have a good relationship with your parents?
    У тебя хорошие отношения с родителями?
  • The police want to question a man in connection with the robbery.
    Полиция хочет допросить мужчину в связи с ограблением.

но a relationship / a connection / contact / a difference BETWEEN two things or people

  • The police believe that there is no connection between the two crimes.
    Полиция полагает, что связи между двумя преступлениями нет.
  • There are some differences between British and American English.
    Между британским и американским английским есть некоторые отличия.

Упражнения

1. Закончите второе предложение так, чтобы у него был такой же смысл, как и у первого.

  1. What caused the explosion? What was the cause ?
  2. We’re trying to solve the problem. We’re trying to find a solution .
  3. Sue gets on well with her brother. Sue has a good relationship .
  4. The cost of living has gone up a lot.
    There has been a big increase .
  5. I don’t know how to answer your question.
    I can’t think of an answer .
  6. I don’t think that a new road is necessary.
    I don’t think there is any need .
  7. Key
  8. I think that working at home has many advantages.
    I think that there are many advantages .
  9. The number of people without jobs fell last month.
    Last month there was a fall .
  10. Nobody wants to buy shoes like these any more.
    There is no demand .
  11. In what way is your job different from mine?
    What is the difference ?

Key

2. Закончите предложения, используя следующие существительные + правильный предлог:

cause
key
connection
map
contact
pictures
damage
reason
invitation
reply
  1. On the wall there were some pictures and a the world.
  2. Thank you for the your party next week.
  3. Since she left home two years ago, Sophie has had little her family.
  4. I can’t open this door. Have you got a the other door?
  5. The the fire at the hotel last night is still unknown.
  6. I emailed Jim last week, but I still haven’t received a my message.
  7. The two companies are completely independent. There is no them.
  8. Jane showed me some old the city as it looked 100 years ago.
  9. Carol has decided to give up her job. I don’t know her doing this.
  10. It wasn’t a bad accident. The the car wasn’t serious.

Key

3. Закончите предложения правильным предлогом.

  1. There are some differences British and American English.
  2. Money isn’t the solution every problem.
  3. There has been an increase the amount of traffic using this road.
  4. When I opened the envelope, I was delighted to find a cheque £500.
  5. The advantage having a car is that you don’t have to rely on public transport.
  6. There are many advantages being able to speak a foreign language.
  7. Everything can be explained. There’s a reason everything.
  8. When Paul left home, his attitude his parents seemed to change.
  9. Key
  10. Ben and I used to be good friends, but I don’t have much contact him now.
  11. There has been a sharp rise property prices in the past few years.
  12. What was Emma’s reaction the news?
  13. If I give you the camera, can you take a photograph me?
  14. The company has rejected the workers’ demands a rise pay.
  15. What was the answer question 3 in the test?
  16. The fact that Jane was offered a job has no connection the fact that she is a friend of the managing director.

Key


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