Разница между I will и I’m going to

Урок 23
A

Будущие действия

Изучите разницу между will и (be) going to:

Сью разговаривает с Хелен:

SUE
Let’s have a party.
HELEN
That’s a great idea. We’ll invite lots of people.

will (’ll): Мы используем will, когда мы решили что-то сделать в момент речи. Говорящий решил это сейчас, а не раньше. Идея о вечеринке - новая.

Позже Хелен встречает Дейва:

HELEN

Sue and I have decided to have a party. We’re going to invite lots of people.

(be) going to: Мы используем (be) going to, когда мы уже решили что-то сделать. Хелен уже решила пригласить много людей до того, как встретила Дейва.

Сравните:

  • ‘Gary phoned while you were out.’ ‘OK. I’ll call him back.’
    ‘Gary phoned while you were out.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to call him back.’
  • ‘Ann is in hospital.’ ‘Oh really? I didn’t know. I’ll go and visit her.’
    ‘Ann is in hospital.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to visit her this evening.’
B

Будущие события и ситуации (прогнозирующие будущее)

Иногда нет большой разницы между will и going to. Например, вы можете сказать:

  • I think the weather will be nice this afternoon.
  • I think the weather is going to be nice this afternoon.

Когда мы говорим, что что-то is going to happen (собирается случиться), мы так думаем из-за ситуации вокруг нас сейчас (см. урок 20C). Например:

  • Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain. (not It will rain)
    (Мы можем видеть, что собирается пойти дождь, по облакам, которые сейчас видны в небе.)
  • I feel terrible. I think I’m going to be sick. (not I think I’ll be sick)
    (Я думаю, что заболею, потому что сейчас чувствую себя ужасно.)

Не используйте will в таких ситуациях.

В других ситуациях, используйте will:

  • Tom will probably get here at about 8 o’clock.
  • I think Sarah will like the present we bought for her.
  • These shoes are very well-made. They’ll last a long time.

Упражнения

1. Завершите предложения, используя will (’ll) или going to.

  1. A: Why are you turning on the television?
    B: the news. (I / watch)
  2. A: Oh, I’ve just realised. I haven’t got any money.
    B: Haven’t you? Well, don’t worry. you some. (I / lend)
  3. A: I’ve got a headache.
    B: Have you? Wait a second and an aspirin for you. (I / get)
  4. A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?
    B: the car. (I / wash)
  5. A: I’ve decided to repaint this room.
    B: Oh, have you? What colour it? (you / paint)
  6. A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping?
    B: Yes, something for dinner. (I / buy)
  7. A: I don’t know how to use this camera.
    B: It’s easy. you. (I / show)
  8. Key
  9. A: What would you like to eat?
    B: a sandwich, please. (I / have)
  10. A: Did you post that letter for me?
    B: Oh. I’m sorry. I completely forgot. it now. (I / do)
  11. A: The ceiling in this room doesn’t look very safe, does it?
    B: No, it looks as if down. (it / fall)
  12. A: Has George decided what to do when he leaves school?
    B: Yes. Everything is planned. a holiday for a few weeks. (he / have) Then a computer programming course. (he / do)

Key

2. Прочитайте ситуации и закончите предложения, используя will (’ll) или going to.

  1. The phone rings and you answer. Somebody wants to speak to Jim.
    CALLER:
    Hello. Can I speak to Jim. please?
    YOU:
    Just a moment. him. (I / get)
  2. It’s a nice day, so you have decided to take a walk. Just before you go, you tell your friend.
    YOU:
    The weather’s too nice to stay in. a walk. (I / take)
    FRIEND:
    Good idea. I think you. (I / join)
  3. Your friend is worried because she has lost an important letter.
    YOU:
    Don’t worry about the letter. I’m sure it. (you / find)
    FRIEND:
    I hope so.
  4. There was a job advertised in the paper recently. At first you were interested, but then you decided not to apply.
    FRIEND:
    Have you decided what to do about that job you were interested in?
    YOU:
    Yes, for it. (I / not / apply)
  5. You and a friend come home very late. Other people in the house are asleep. Your friend is noisy.
    YOU:
    Shh! Don’t make so much noise. everybody up. (you / wake)
  6. Paul has to go to the airport to catch a plane tomorrow morning.
    PAUL:
    Liz, I need somebody to take me to the airport tomorrow morning.
    LIZ:
    That’s no problem. you. (I / take) What time is your flight?
    PAUL:
    10.50.
    LIZ:
    OK, at about 9 o’clock then. (we / leave)
    Later that day, Joe offers to take Paul to the airport.
    JOE:
    Paul, do you want me to take you to the airport?
    PAUL:
    No thanks, Joe. me. (Liz / take)

Key



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