Выражение be going to (I’m going to do)

Урок 20
A

I am going to do something = я уже решил делать это, я намереваюсь это сделать:

  • A: Are you going to watch the late film on TV tonight?
    B: No, I’m going to have an early night.
  • A: I hear Sarah has won some money. What is she going to do with it?
    B: She’s going to buy a new car.
  • I’m just going to make a quick phone call. Can you wait for me?
  • This cheese looks horrible. I’m not going to eat it.
B

I am doing и I am going to do

Мы используем I am doing (present continuous), когда мы говорим о том, что запланировали сделать, например, запланировали встретить кого-то или пойти куда-то:

  • What time are you meeting Ann this evening?
  • I’m leaving tomorrow. I’ve got my plane ticket.

I am going to do something = я решил это сделать (но, возможно, не планировал это делать):

  • ‘Your shoes are dirty.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to clean them.’ (= я решил почистить их, но не планировал это делать)
  • I’ve decided not to stay here any longer. Tomorrow I’m going to look for somewhere else to stay.

Часто разница незначительна, в таком случае, любая из форм возможна.

C

Вы также можете сказать, что ‘something is going to happen’ (что-то собирается произойти) в будущем. Например:

The man can’t see the wall in front of him.
Человек не может видеть стену перед собой.

He is going to walk into the wall.
Он собирается врезаться в стену.

Когда мы говорим, что ‘something is going to happen’, ситуация в данный момент делает это очевидным. Человек идет в сторону стены, поэтому мы видим, что он собирается в нее врезаться.

Ещё несколько примеров:

  • Look at those black clouds! It’s going to rain. (в данный момент мы видим облака)
  • I feel terrible. I think I’m going to be sick. (сейчас я ужасно себя чувствую)
  • The economic situation is bad now and things are going to get worse.
D

I was going to (do something) = я намеревался сделать это, но так и не сделал:

  • We were going to travel by train, but then we decided to go by car instead.
  • Peter was going to do the exam, but he changed his mind.
  • I was just going to cross the road when somebody shouted ‘Stop!’

Вы можете сказать, что ‘something was going to happen’ (что-то собиралось случиться, но не случилось):

  • I thought it was going to rain, but it didn’t.

Упражнения

1. Напишите вопрос с going to для каждой ситуации.

  1. Your friend has won some money. You ask:
    (what / do with it?)
  2. Your friend is going to a party tonight. You ask:
    (what / wear?)
  3. Your friend has just bought a new table. You ask:
    (where / put it?)
  4. Your friend has decided to have a party. You ask:
    (who / invite?)

Key

2. Прочитайте ситуации и завершите диалоги. Используйте going to.

  1. You have decided to tidy your room this morning.
    Друг:
    Are you going out this morning?
    Вы:
    No,
  2. You bought a sweater, but it doesn’t fit you very well. You have decided to take it back.
    Друг:
    That sweater is too big for you.
    Вы:
    I know.
  3. You have been offered a job, but you have decided not to accept it.
    Друг:
    I hear you’ve been offered a job.
    Вы:
    That’s right, but
  4. You have to phone Sarah. It’s morning now, and you have decided to phone her tonight.
    Друг:
    Have you phoned Sarah yet?
    Вы:
    No,
  5. You are in a restaurant. The food is awful and you’ve decided to complain.
    Друг:
    This food is awful, isn’t it?
    Вы:
    Yes, it’s disgusting.

Key

3. Что собирается произойти в этих ситуациях? Используйте слова в скобках.

  1. There are a lot of black clouds in the sky.
    (rain)
  2. It is 8.30. Tom is leaving his house. He has to be at work at 8.45, but the journey takes 30 minutes.
    (late)
  3. There is a hole in the bottom of the boat. A lot of water is coming in through the hole.
    (sink)
  4. Lucy and Chris are driving. There is very little petrol left in the tank. The nearest petrol station is a long way away.
    (run out)

Key

4. Закончите предложения с was/were going to + следующие глаголы:

buy give up have phone play travel

  1. We by train, but then we decided to go by car instead.
  2. I some new clothes yesterday, but I was very busy and didn’t have time to go to the shops.
  3. Martin and I tennis last week, but he was injured.
  4. I Jane, but I decided to email her instead.
  5. A: When I last saw Tim, he his job.
    B: That’s right, but in the end he decided to stay where he was.
  6. We a party last week, but some of our friends couldn’t come, so we cancelled it.

Key


Только зарегистрированные пользователи могут добавлять комментарии.