Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Women’s Liberation

The Women’s Liberation Movement began in 1960s. It was started by women who were concerned about their identity, their role in society, and their work, and about the view of women that many people held.

Many women want full equality with men in every aspect of life. In marriage, they want husbands and wives to share all the work and responsibilities of a home and a family. In work, they want women and men to have the same jobs and the same chance to succeed. They want women to be paid just as much as men for the same work. Other women agree with some of the ideas of women’s liberation. They want the same pay if they hold the same job as a man. At home, however, they do not expect their husbands to share in the cleaning, cooking and other household jobs.

It is important to remember that the Women’s Liberation Movement is not concerned only with concrete issues; it is also concerned with attitudes and beliefs. One example of this concern is the issue of women’s identity. Some women do not think they are capable of doing anything important. The Women Liberation Movement helps these women improve their views of themselves.

A second issue of the Women’s Liberation Movement is the question of women’s roles. Should a woman work outside the home, should she work if she is married and has children? If a woman decides to take a job outside the home there are many important questions which are raised. Are some jobs closed to her because she is a woman? Will she be paid as much as her fellow workers-men?

Many people agree with the ideals and goals of women’s liberation. They feel that women ought to be considered equal to men in every way. They feel that a woman shall be able to decide to stay at home and raise a family, or to stay at home and not raise a family, or to go out and work, or to have a job outside the home and a family as well.

Other people are opposed to women’s liberation.

The Women’s Liberation Movement is trying to give women a chance to show what they can do.

Topical Vocabulary

- the Women’s Liberation Movement
движение за освобождение женщин
to be concerned about one’s identity
интересоваться вопросом индивидуальности, личности
to hold a view of women
придерживаться каких-либо взглядов на женщин
- full equality with men
полное равенство с мужчинами
to share all the work and responsibilities
сообща выполнять работу и делить ответственность
a chance to succeed
шанс на успех
to hold the same job as
иметь ту же работу, что и
to share in the cleaning, cooking and other household jobs
принимать участие в уборке, приготовлении еды и других работах по дому
- to be concerned with attitudes and beliefs
интересоваться чьей-либо позицией и убеждениями
the issue of women’s identity
проблема личности женщины
to improve one’s view of oneself
относиться к себе с бо́льшим уважением, лучше
- the question of women’s roles
проблема ролей женщины
to take a job outside the home
работать вне дома
a fellow worker
- the ideals and goals of women’s liberation
идеалы и цели женского движения
to be considered equal to men
считаться равной с мужчинами
to raise a family
иметь семью
- to be opposed to women’s liberation
выступать против освобождении женщины

Answer the questions:

  1. What is the Women’s Liberation Movement?
  2. What are women concerned about?
  3. What attitudes is the Women’s Liberation Movement concerned with?
  4. What is a question of women’s roles?
  5. What do people think of the Women’s Liberation Movement?

Translate into English:

  1. Движение за освобождение женщин было начато женщинами, для которых важна роль, которую они играют в обществе.
  2. Многие женщины хотят равенства с мужчинами во всех областях жизни - дома и на работе.
  3. Роль женщины в обществе - это ее право делать карьеру или оставаться дома и заниматься семьей.
  4. Женщина должна получать столько же, сколько ее коллеги-мужчины.
  5. Многие люди согласны с идеалами и целями движения за освобождение женщин.
  6. Женщины должны считаться равными с мужчинами во всех отношениях.
  7. Некоторые выступают против движения за освобождение женщин.