Тема / Топик по английскому языку:

Many of us cannot imagine our life at present without plastics. But we cannot realize what a great part they play in raising our standard of living.

You cannot go through a single day without some association with plastics. Your toothbrush, the cap of your toothpaste tube, your comb, the handle of your table knife, your pen, the door knob... These are but few examples. Plastics are everywhere. No other material can be used as limitlessly as plastics. Very few materials are as durable and simple in production as plastics.

Plastics have become the raw material only since 1928. But during that short period of time furniture, footwear, building materials, textiles, etc. have been manufactured from plastics.

Almost all plastics are produced from coal, air and water. But each material possesses different properties. Knowing the structure of plastics you can, for instance, produce from polyvinyl chloride a hard sheet or a soft film. Nylon is a non-conductor of electricity and that is very important in electrical industry.

Unlike metals, plastics require no finishing.

Topical Vocabulary

- to play a great part in smth.
играть большую роль в чем-либо
raising one’s standard of living
повышение чьего-либо уровня жизни
to be used limitlessly
неограниченно использоваться
to be durable
быть прочным
to be simple in production
быть простым в производстве
- to become the raw material
стать сырьем
building materials
строительные материалы
текстиль, ткани
to be manufactured from smth.
производиться из чего-либо
- to be produced from smth.
производиться из чего-либо
to possess different qualities
обладать различными свойствами
a soft film
мягкая пленка
a non-conductor of electricity
непроводник электричества
- to require no finishing
не требовать обработки

Answer the questions:

  1. What part do plastics play in raising our standard of living?
  2. What are the properties of plastics?
  3. What is manufactured from plastics?
  4. What are the properties of different kinds of plastics?

Translate into English:

  1. Пластмасса играет большую роль в повышении нашего уровня жизни.
  2. Использование пластмасс безгранично.
  3. Пластмасса прочна и проста в производстве.
  4. Различные виды пластмасс обладают различными свойствами.
  5. Пластмасса - хороший изолятор.
  6. Пластмасса не требует обработки.