Тема / Топик по английскому языку:

Science is important to most people living in the modern world for a number of reasons. In particular, science is important to world peace and understanding, to the understanding of technology, and to our understanding of the world.

Science is important to world peace in many ways. On one hand, scientists have helped to develop many of the modern tools of war. On the other hand, they have also helped to keep the peace through research which has improved life for people. Scientists have helped us understand the problem of supplying the world with enough energy, they have begun to develop a number of solutions to the energy problem - for example, using energy from the sun and from the atom. Scientists have also analysed the world’s resources. We can begin to learn to share the resources with the knowledge provided to us by science. Science studies the Universe and how to use its possibilities for the benefit of men.

Science is also important to everyone who is affected by modern technology. Many of the things that make our lives easier and better are the results of advances in technology and, if the present patterns continue, technology will affect us even more in the future than it does now. In some cases, such as technology for taking salt out of ocean water, technology may be essential for our lives on Earth.

The study of science also provides people with an understanding of natural worlds. Scientists are learning to predict earthquakes, are continuing to study many other natural events such as storms. Scientists are also studying various aspects of human biology and the origin and developments of the human race. The study of the natural world may help improve life for many people all over the world.

A basic knowledge of science is essential for everyone. It helps people find their way in the changing world.

Topical Vocabulary

- to be important to world peace and understanding
иметь большое значение для достижения мира и понимания (между народами)
- to develop the modern tools of war
создать современное оружие
to keep the peace
сохранять мир
to improve life
улучшить жизнь
the problem of supplying the world with enough energy
проблема обеспечения мира энергией
to develop a number of solutions to the energy problem
разработать ряд решений энергетической проблемы
to analyse the world’s resources
анализировать мировые ресурсы
to share the resources
сообща пользоваться ресурсами
knowledge provided to someone by science
знания, предоставляемые кому-либо наукой
the Universe
to use possibilities for the benefit of men
использовать возможности на благо человека
- to be affected by modern technology
быть связанным с современной техникой
a result of advances in technology
результат технических достижений
to be essential for one’s life
иметь огромное значение для чьей-либо жизни
- to provide people with an understanding of
давать людям понимание чего-либо
to predict earthquakes
предсказывать землетрясения
to study various aspects of human biology
изучать различные аспекты биологии человека
the origin and developments of the human race
происхождение и развитие человеческого рода
- a basic knowledge of science
элементарное знание науки
to find one’s way in the changing world
ориентироваться в меняющемся мире

Answer the questions:

  1. Why is science so important in the modern world?
  2. How does science help keep peace in the world?
  3. How does science help solve the energy program?
  4. What proves that the study of science is important for understanding of the natural world?

Translate into English:

  1. Наука помогла разработать современное оружие.
  2. Наука находит все новые решения энергетической проблемы.
  3. Наука помогла людям научиться использовать энергию солнца и атома.
  4. Наука помогла научиться совместному использованию ресурсов.
  5. Ученые предсказывают землетрясения.
  6. Наука помогла улучшить жизнь людей.
  7. Знания необходимы людям, чтобы ориентироваться в изменяющемся мире.