Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Public Holidays in the United Kingdom

There are eight public holidays, or bank holidays, a year in Great Britain, that is days on which people need not go in to work. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday and Late Summer Bank Holiday. The term «bank holiday» dates back to the 19th century when in 1871 and 1875 most of these days were constituted bank holidays, that is, days on which banks were to be closed. The observance of these days is no longer limited to banks.

All the public holidays, except Christmas Day and Boxing Day, observed on the 25th and 26th of December respectively, do not fall on the same date each year. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on Easter Sunday which falls on the first Monday in May. The Spring Bank Holiday is on the last Monday of May, while Late Summer Bank Holiday comes on the last Monday in August.

Most of these holidays are of religious origin, though for the greater part of the population they have long lost their religious significance and are simply days on which people relax, eat, drink and make merry.

Certain customs and traditions are associated with most bank holidays. The reason is that many of them are part of holiday seasons like Easter and Christmas seasons which are religious by origin and are marked by centuries-old traditions.

Besides public holidays, there are other festivals, anniversaries and simply days, on which certain traditions are observed, but unless they fall on a Sunday, they are ordinary working days.

Topical Vocabulary

- a public holiday
официальный праздник
a bank holiday
официальный праздник
Christmas Day
Boxing Day
День подарков
Good Friday
пятница перед Пасхой
Easter Monday
понедельник после Пасхи
to date back to
восходить к
to be constituted a bank holiday
получить статус официального праздника
observance of smth.
to be no longer limited to banks
не распространяться больше только на банки
- to be observed
праздноваться, соблюдаться
to fall on
приходиться на (какой-либо день)
- to be of religious origin
быть религиозного происхождения
to lose religious significance
потерять религиозное значение
to relax
to make merry
- to be associated with smth.
быть связанным с чем-либо, ассоциироваться с чем-либо
to be part of a holiday season
быть частью многодневного праздника
to be marked by centuries-old traditions
отмечаться, быть связанным с многовековыми традициями
- a festival
an anniversary

Answer the questions:

  1. What is a bank holiday?
  2. What are the bank holidays in the United Kingdom?
  3. What dates do public holidays fall on?
  4. What is the origin of most of these holidays?
  5. How are bank holidays celebrated?
  6. What other holidays are there in the United Kingdom, except bank holidays?

Translate into English:

  1. Современные официальные праздники получили статус «банковских» в 19 веке.
  2. «Банковские» праздники распространяются не только на банки.
  3. Рождество и День подарков справляются соответственно 25 и 26 декабря; остальные официальные праздники приходятся каждый год на разные дни.
  4. Праздники потеряли религиозное значение; в эти дни люди просто отдыхают и веселятся.
  5. Многодневные праздники - Рождество и Пасха - имеют религиозное происхождение.
  6. Кроме официальных праздников, существуют другие дни, связанные с многовековыми традициями.
  7. Это различные фестивали и годовщины.