Тема / Топик по английскому языку:

Russia is one of the largest countries in the world. The vast territory of Russia lies in the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia.

Russia is washed by twelve seas and three oceans. The oceans are: the Arctic, the Atlantic, the Pacific. The seas are: the White Sea, the Barents Sea, the Okhotsk Sea, the Black Sea, the Baltic Sea and others.

Russia borders on many countries, such as Mongolia and China in the south-east, Finland and Norway in the north-west, and so on.

The land of Russia varies very much from forests to deserts, from high mountains to deep valleys. The main mountain chains are the Urals, the Caucasus and the Altai. There are a lot of great rivers and deep lakes on its territory. The longest rivers are the Volga in Europe and the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena in Asia. The largest lakes are Ladoga and Baikal. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is the purest on earth.

The Russian Federation is rich in natural and mineral resources. It has deposits of oil, gas, coal, iron, gold and many others.

The current population of Russia is more than 150 million people. The European part of the country is densely peopled, and most population live in cities and towns and their outskirts.

The capital of the Russian Federation is Moscow, with the population of about 12,5 million people.

Russia is a presidential republic. It is one of the leading powers in the world.

Topical Vocabulary

vast territory
обширная, огромная территория
to lie
лежать, находиться
- to be washed by
омываться (чем-либо)
- to border on
граничить с (чем-либо)
- to vary from smth. to smth.
варьировать, изменяться от чего-либо до чего-либо
a desert
a valley
a mountain chain
горная цепь
- to be rich in smth.
быть богатым чем-либо
natural and mineral resources
природные ресурсы и полезные ископаемые
a deposit of smth.
месторождение чего-либо
- the current population
население в настоящий момент
to be densely peopled
быть густонаселенным
- the capital
- a presidential republic
президентская республика
a power

Answer the questions:

  1. Where does the vast territory of Russia lie?
  2. What oceans and seas is Russia washed by?
  3. What countries does Russia border on?
  4. What are the main mountain chains, rivers and lakes in Russia?
  5. What mineral resources are there in Russia?
  6. What is the population of Russia?
  7. What is the form of government in Russia?

Translate into English:

  1. Россия расположена в восточной части Европы и северной части Азии.
  2. Обширная территория России омывается Северным Ледовитым, Атлантическим и Тихим океанами.
  3. Россия граничит с Монголией, Китаем, Финляндией и другими странами.
  4. Россия располагает большим количеством месторождений полезных ископаемых.
  5. Полезные ископаемые России включают (include) нефть, газ, уголь, железо, золото и др.
  6. Форма правления (form of government) в России, одной из ведущих мировых держав, - президентская республика.