Present perfect continuous (I have been doing) Настоящее совершенное длительное

Урок 9
A. It has been raining

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

Is it raining? Идет дождь?
No, but the ground is wet. Нет, но земля влажная.

It has been raining. Шел дождь.

Have/has been -ing это the present perfect continuous:

I/we/they/you
he/she/it
have
has
(= I’ve etc.)
(= he’s etc.)
been doing
waiting
playing etc.

Мы используем present perfect continuous для действий, которые недавно закончились, или просто закончились. Должна быть связь с настоящим временем:

B. It has been raining for two hours.

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

It began raining two hours ago and it is still raining.
Дождь начался два часа назад и всё еще идет.

How long has it been raining?
It has been raining for two hours.

Как долго он идет?
Он идет уже 2 часа.

В таком случае, мы используем present perfect continuous со словами how long, for ... и since ... . Действие всё еще происходит (как в примере) или только что закончилось.

Вы можете использовать present prefect continuous для действий, которые повторялись в течение промежутка времени:

C

Сравните I am doing (см. урок 1) и I have been doing:

  • Don’t disturb me now. I’m working.
    Не беспокой меня. Я работаю.
  • We need an umbrella. It’s raining.
    Нам нужен зонтик. Идет дождь.
  • Hurry up! We’re waiting.
    Быстрее! Мы ждем.
  • I’ve been working hard. Now I’m going to have a break.
    Я заработался. Сейчас я собираюсь сделать перерыв.
  • The ground is wet. It’s been raining.
    Земля влажная. Шел дождь.
  • We’ve been waiting for an hour.
    Мы ждем уже целый час.

Упражнения

1. Напишите что происходит на картинках: What have these people been doing or what has been happening?

They

She

They

He

Key

2. Напишите вопрос для каждой ситуации.

  1. You meet Paul as he is leaving the swimming pool.
    You ask: (you / swim?)
  2. You have just arrived to meet a friend who is waiting for you.
    You ask: (you / wait / long?)
  3. You meet a friend in the street. His face and hands are very dirty.
    You ask: (what / you / do?)
  4. A friend of yours is now working in a shop. You want to know how long.
    You ask: (how long / you / work / there?)
  5. A friend tells you about his job - he sells computers. You want to know how long.
    You ask: (how long / you / sell / computers?)

Key

3. Прочитайте ситуации и закончите предложения.

  1. It’s raining. The rain started two hours ago.
    It for two hours.
  2. We are waiting for the bus. We started waiting 20 minutes ago.
    We for 20 minutes.
  3. I’m learning Spanish. I started classes in December.
    I since December
  4. Mary is working in London. She started working there on 18 January.
    since 18 January.
  5. Our friends always spend their holidays in Italy. They started going there years ago.
    for years.

Key

4. Поставьте глагол в present continuous (I am -ing) или present perfect continuous (I have been -ing).

  1. (Maria / learn) English for two years.
  2. Hello, Tom. (I / look) for you. Where have you been?
  3. Why (you / look) at me like that? Stop it!
  4. Linda is a teacher. (she / teach) for ten years.
  5. (I / think) about what you said and I’ve decided to take your advice.
  6. ‘Is Paul on holiday this week?’ ‘No, (he / work).’
  7. Sarah is very tired. (she / work) very hard recently.

Key

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