Разница между there (is) и it (is)

Урок 84
There и it

There’s a new restaurant in King Street.
— Yes, I know. I went there last night. It’s very good.

— На Кинг Стрит – новый ресторан.
— Да, я знаю. Я ходил туда вчера вечером. Он очень хороший.

Мы используем there ..., когда говорим о чем-то впервые, что что-то появилось/начало существовать (в переводе на русский there часто теряется):

It = конкретная вещь, место, факт, ситуация и т.п. (но см. также раздел C):

Сравните there и it:

There также означает ‘to/at/in that place’ (туда, там):

B

Вы можете сказать there will be / there must be / there might be / there used to be и т.п. :

Также there must have been, there should have been и др. :

Сравните there и it:

Вы также можете сказать there is sure/certain/likely/bound to be ... :

C

Мы также используем it в предложениях такого типа (при переводе получаются безличные предложения):

Мы обычно не говорим ‘To walk in the road is dangerous’. Обычно мы начинаем с It ... . Еще примеры:

Мы также используем it, говоря о расстоянии, времени и погоде:

Упражнения

1. Вставьте there is/was или it is/was. Некоторые предложения вопросительные (is there ... ? / is it ... ? и т.п.), а некоторые отрицательные (isn’t/wasn’t).

  1. The journey took a long time. a lot of traffic.
  2. What’s the new restaurant like? good?
  3. a bookshop near here?’ ‘Yes, one in Hill Street.’
  4. When we got to the cinema, a queue outside. a very long queue, so we decided not to wait.
  5. I couldn’t see anything. completely dark.
  6. trouble at the club last night. They had to call the police.
  7. How far from Milan to Rome?
  8. Keith’s birthday yesterday. We had a party.
  9. Key
  10. three years since I last went to the theatre.
  11. I wanted to visit the museum, but enough time.
  12. time to leave?’ ‘Yes, nearly midnight.’
  13. A few days ago a storm. a lot of damage.
  14. a beautiful day yesterday. We had a picnic.
  15. anything on television, so I turned it off.
  16. an accident in King Street, but very serious.

Key

2. Прочитайте первое предложение, затем напишите предложение, начиная с There ... .

  1. The roads were busy today.
  2. This soup is very salty.
    There
    in the soup.
  3. The box was empty.
    in the box.
  4. The film was very violent.
  5. The shops were very crowded.
  6. I like this town - it’s lively.

Key

3. Закончите предложения. Используйте there will be, there would be и др. Выберите из:

will may would wouldn’t should used to (be) going to

  1. If people drove more carefully, fewer accidents.
  2. ‘Do we have any eggs?’ ‘I’m not sure. some in the fridge.’
  3. I think everything will be OK. I don’t think any problems.
  4. Look at the sky. a storm.
  5. ‘Is there a school in the village?’ ‘Not now. one, bur it closed.’
  6. People drive too fast on this road. I think a speed limit.
  7. If people weren’t aggressive, any wars.

Key

4. Эти предложения правильны или нет? Измените it на there, если необходимо.

  1. They live on a busy road. It must be a lot of noise.
  2. Last winter it was very cold and it was a lot of snow.
  3. It used to be a church here, but it was knocked down.
  4. Why was she so unfriendly? It must have been a reason.
  5. It’s a long way from my house to the nearest shop.
  6. A: Where can we park the car?
    B: Don’t worry. It’s sure to be a car park somewhere.
  7. Key
  8. After the lecture it will be an opportunity to ask questions.
  9. I like the place where I live, but it would be nicer to live by the sea.
  10. I was told that it would be somebody to meet me at the station, but it wasn’t anybody.
  11. The situation is still the same. It has been no change.
  12. I don’t know who’ll win, but it’s sure to be a good game.

Key

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