Возвратные местоимения myself / yourself / themselves и др. в английском

Урок 82

Изучите следующий пример:

Steve introduced himself to the other guests.
Стив представил себя другим гостям.

Мы используем myself/yourself/himself и др. (reflexive pronouns - возвратные местоимения), когда подлежащее (subject) и дополнение (object) – одно и то же:

Возвратными местоимениями являются:

ед. ч. myself yourself (один человек) himself/herself/itself
мн. ч. ourselves yourselves (больше, чем один человек) themselves



Мы не используем myself и др. после feel/relax/concentrate/meet:

Мы обычно используем wash/shave/dress без myself и др. :

Вы также можете сказать get dressed (He got dressed).


Сравните -selves и each other:

Вы можете использовать one another вместо each other:


Другой пример:

I repaired it myself = отремонтировал его я, а не кто-нибудь другой. Здесь, myself акцентирует внимание на ‘я’ (= подчёркивает, придает особое значение). Еще примеры:


1. Закончите предложения, используя myself/yourself и др. + следующие глаголы (в правильной форме):

blame burn enjoy express hurt introduce put

  1. Steve to the other guests at the party.
  2. Bill fell down some steps, but fortunately he didn’t .
  3. It isn’t Sue’s fault. She really shouldn’t .
  4. Please try and understand how I feel. in my position.
  5. The children had a great time at the beach. They really .
  6. Be careful! That pan is very hot. Don’t .
  7. Sometimes I can’t say exactly what I mean. I wish I could better.


2. Вставьте myself/yourself/ourselves и др. или me/you/us и др.

  1. Julia had a great holiday. She enjoyed .
  2. It’s not my fault. You can’t blame .
  3. What I did was really bad. I’m ashamed of .
  4. We’ve got a problem. I hope you can help .
  5. ‘Can I take another biscuit?’ ‘Of course. Help !’
  6. You must meet Sarah. I’ll introduce to her.
  7. Don’t worry about us. We can look after .
  8. I gave them a key to our house so that they could let in.
  9. I didn’t want anybody to see the letters, so I burned .


3. Закончите эти предложения. Используйте myself/yourself и др., только если необходимо. Используйте следующие глаголы (в правильной форме):

concentrate defend dry feel meet relax shave wash

  1. Martin decided to grow a beard because he was fed up with .
  2. I wasn’t very well yesterday, but I much better today.
  3. I climbed out of the swimming pool and with a towel.
  4. I tried to study, but I couldn’t .
  5. If somebody attacks you, you need to be able to .
  6. I’m going out with Chris this evening. We’re at 7.30.
  7. You’re always rushing around. Why don’t you sit down and ?
  8. There was no water, so we couldn’t .


4. Закончите предложения, используя -selves или each other.

  1. How long have you and Bill known ?
  2. If people work too hard, they can make ill.
  3. I need you and you need me. We need .
  4. In Britain friends often give presents at Christmas.
  5. Some people are very selfish. They only think of .
  6. Tracy and I don’t see very often these days.
  7. We couldn’t get back into the house. We had locked out.
  8. They’ve had an argument. They’re not speaking to at the moment.
  9. We’d never met before, so we introduced to .


5. Закончите ответы на вопросы, используя myself/yourself/itself и др.

  1. — Who repaired the bike for you?
    — Nobody. I .
  2. — Who cuts Brian’s hair for him?
    — Nobody. He cuts .
  3. — Do you want me to post that letter for you?
    — No, I’ll .
  4. — Who told you that Linda was going away?
    — Linda .
  5. — Can you phone John for me?
    — Why can’t you ?



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