Глагол + инфинитив to ... (decide to ... / forget to ... и др.)

Урок 54

Глаголы, после которых идёт инфинитив (infinitive) to:

offer decide hope deserve promise
agree plan manage afford threaten
refuse arrange fail forget learn

Отрицанием является not to ... :

После некоторых глаголов to ... не употребляется. Например, enjoy/think/suggest:

О глаголе + -ing мы говорили в уроке 53. Глагол + предлог + -ing - см. урок 62.


Мы также используем to ... после:

seem appear tend pretend claim


Также есть continuous инфинитив (to be doing) и perfect инфинитив (to have done):


После dare вы можете использовать инфинитив как с частицей to, так и без нее:

Но после dare not (или daren’t), вы должны использовать инфинитив без частицы to:


После некоторых глаголов вы можете использовать вопросительное слово (what/whether/how и др.) + to ... . Мы используем эту конструкцию особенно часто после:

ask decide know remember forget explain learn understand wonder

We asked how to get to the station.
Have you decided where to go for your holidays?
I don’t know whether to apply for the job or not.
Do you understand what to do?  

Также: show/tell/ask/advise/teach somebody what/how/where to do something:


1. Закончите предложения для этих ситуаций.

  1. — Shall we get married?
    — Yes, let’s.
  2. — Please help me.
    — OK.
  3. — Can I carry your bag for you?
    — No, thanks. I can manage.
  4. — Let’s meet at 8 o’clock.
    — OK, fine.
  5. — What’s your name?
    — I’m not going to tell you?
  6. — Please don’t tell anyone.
    — I won’t. I promise.


2. Завершите каждое предложение подходящим словом.

  1. Don’t forget the letter I gave you.
  2. There was a lot of traffic, but we managed to the airport in time.
  3. Jill has decided not a car.
  4. We’ve got a new computer in our office. I haven’t learnt it yet.
  5. Karen failed a good impression at the job interview.
  6. We were all afraid to speak. Nobody dared anything.


3. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму: to ... или -ing.

  1. When I’m tired. I enjoy television. It’s relaxing. (watch)
  2. It was a nice day, so we decided for a walk. (go)
  3. It’s a nice day. Does anyone fancy for a walk? (go)
  4. I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind . (wait)
  5. They don’t have much money. They can’t afford out very often. (go)
  6. I wish that dog would stop . It’s driving me mad. (bark)
  7. Our neighbour threatened the police if we didn’t stop the noise. (call)
  8. We were hungry, so I suggested dinner early. (have)
  9. Hurry up! I don’t want to risk the train. (miss)
  10. I’m still looking for a job, but I hope something soon. (find)


4. Составьте новое предложение, используя глагол в скобках.

  1. You’ve lost weight. (seem)
  2. Tom is worried about something. (appear)
  3. You know a lot of people. (seem)
  4. My English is getting better. (seem)
  5. That car has broken down. (appear)
  6. David forgets things. (tend)
  7. They have solved the problem. (claim)


5. Закончите каждое предложение, используя what/how/whether + следующие глаголы:

do get go ride say use

  1. Do you know to John’s house?
  2. Can you show me this washing machine?
  3. Would you know if there was a fire in the building?
  4. You’ll never forget a bicycle once you’ve learnt.
  5. I was really astonished. I didn’t know .
  6. I’ve been invited to the parry, but I haven’t decided or not.



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