Пассивный залог 2 (be done / been done / being done)

Урок 43
A

Изучите следующие активные и пассивные формы:

Infinitive

active:

(to) do/clean/see etc.

passive:

(to) be + done/cleaned/seen etc.

B

Perfect infinitive

active:

(to) have + done/cleaned/seen etc.

passive:

(to) have been + done/cleaned/seen etc.

C

Present perfect

active:

have/has + done etc.

passive:

have/has been + done etc.

Past perfect

active:

had + done etc.

passive:

had been + done etc.

D

Present continuous

active:

am/is/are + (do)ing

passive:

am/is/are + being (done)

Past continuous

active:

was/were + (do)ing

passive:

was/were + being (done)

Упражнения

1. Что означают эти слова? Напишите по-английски, используя it can ... или it can’t ... и словарь, если необходимо.

If something is

1. washable,
2. unbreakable,
3. edible,
4. unusable,
5. invisible,
6. portable,

Key

2. Закончите предложения, используя следующие глаголы (в правильной форме):

arrest carry cause do make repair send spend wake up

Иногда вам будет нужен have (might have, should have и др.).

  1. The situation is serious. Something must before it’s too late.
  2. I haven’t received the letter. It might to the wrong address.
  3. A decision will not until the next meeting.
  4. Do you think that more money should on education?
  5. This road is in very bad condition. It should a long time ago.
  6. The injured man couldn’t walk and had to .
  7. It’s not certain how the fire started, but it might by an electrical fault.
  8. I told the hotel receptionist I wanted to at 6.30 the next morning.
  9. If you hadn’t pushed the policeman, you wouldn’t .

Key

3. Перепишите эти предложения. Вместо somebody или they и др., используйте пассивный залог.

  1. Somebody has cleaned the room.
  2. They have postponed the meeting.
  3. Somebody is using the computer at the moment.
  4. I didn’t realise that somebody was recording our conversation.
  5. When we got to the stadium, we found that they had cancelled the game.
  6. They are building a new ring road round the city.
  7. They have built a new hospital near the airport.

Key

4. Составьте предложения из слов в скобках. Иногда глагол в активной, а иногда в пассивной форме.

  1. There’s somebody behind us. (I think / we / follow)
  2. This room looks different. (you / paint / the walls?)
  3. My car has disappeared. (it / steal!)
  4. My umbrella has disappeared. (somebody / take)
  5. Sam gets a higher salary now. (he / promote)
  6. Ann can’t use her office at the moment. (it / redecorate)
  7. The photocopier broke down yesterday, but now it’s OK. (it / work / again; it / repair)

  8. Key
  9. When I went into the room, I saw that the table and chairs were not in the same place. (the furniture / move)
  10. The man next door disappeared six months ago. (he / not / see / since then)
  11. I wonder how Jane is these days. (I / not / see / for ages)
  12. A friend of mine was mugged on his way home a few nights ago. (you / ever / mug?)

Key

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