Модальный глагол Would

Урок 36

Мы используем would (’d) / wouldn’t, когда представляем ситуацию или действие (= мы думаем о чем-то нереальном):

Мы используем would have (done), представляя ситуации или действия в прошлом (которые не произошли):

Сравните would (do) и would have (done):

Мы часто используем would в условных предложениях с if:

Об этом будет подробно в уроках 38-40.


Сравните will (’ll) и would (’d):

Иногда would/wouldn’t это прошедшие формы will/won’t. Сравните:



TOM: I’ll phone you on Sunday.

Tom said he’d phone me on Sunday.

ANN: I promise I won’t be late.

Ann promised that she wouldn’t be late.

LIZ: Damn! The car won’t start.

Liz was annoyed because her car wouldn’t start.


Somebody wouldn’t do something = кто-то отказывается делать что-то:

Вы также можете использовать would, когда говорите о том, что регулярно происходило в прошлом:

В этом значении, would походит на used to (см. урок 18):


1. Напишите предложения о себе. Представьте то, что бы вы хотели или не хотели.

  1. (a place you’d love to live)
  2. (a job you wouldn’t like to do)
  3. (something you would love to do)
  4. (something that would be nice to have)
  5. (a place you’d like to go to)


2. Закончите предложения, используя would + следующие глаголы (в правильной форме):

be be do do enjoy enjoy have pass stop

  1. They helped us a lot. I don’t know what we without their help.
  2. You should go and see the film. You it.
  3. It’s a pity you couldn’t come to the concert yesterday. You it.
  4. Shall I apply for the job or not? What you in my position?
  5. I was in a hurry when I saw you. Otherwise I to talk.
  6. We took a taxi home last night but got stuck in the traffic. It quicker to walk.
  7. Why don’t you go and see Clare? She very pleased to see you.
  8. Why didn’t you do the exam? I’m sure you it.
  9. In an ideal world, everybody enough to eat.


3. Каждому предложению справа соответствует предложение слева. Укажите это соответствие.

1. I’d like to go to Australia one day.
2. I wouldn’t like to live on a busy road.
3. I’m sorry the trip was cancelled.
4. I’m looking forward to going out tonight.
5. I’m glad we didn’t go out in the rain.
6. I’m not looking forward to the trip.
a. It wouldn’t have been very nice.
b. It would have been fun.
c. It would be nice.
d. It won’t be much fun.
e. It wouldn’t be very nice.
f. It will be fun.


4. Напишите предложения, используя promised + would/wouldn’t.

  1. I wonder why Laura is late.
  2. I wonder why Steve hasn’t phoned.
  3. Why did you tell Jane what I said?
  4. I’m surprised they didn’t wait for us.


5. Закончите предложения, используяwouldn’t + подходящий глагол.

  1. I tried to warn him, but he to me.
  2. I asked Amanda what had happened, but she me.
  3. Paul was very angry about what I’d said and to me for two weeks.
  4. Martina insisted on carrying all her luggage. She me help her.


6. Эти предложения о том, что часто происходило в прошлом. Закончите предложения, используя would + следующие слова:

forget help shake share walk

  1. Whenever Richard was angry, he out of the room.
  2. We used to live next to a railway line. Every time a train went past, the house .
  3. George was a very kind man. He always you if you had a problem.
  4. Brenda was always very generous. She didn’t have much, but she what she had with everyone else.
  5. You could never rely on Joe. It didn’t matter how many times you reminded him to do something, he always .



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