Фразовые глаголы с предлогом up

Урок 143
A

go up / come up / walk up (to ...) = approach = подходить, приближаться

catch up (with somebody), catch somebody up = move faster than somebody in front of you so that you reach them = догнать

keep up (with somebody) = continue at the same speed or level = не отставать; держаться наравне

B

set up an organisation, a company, a business, a system, a website etc. = start it = учреждать; основывать, открывать (дело, предприятие и т. п.)

take up a hobby, a sport, an activity etc. = start doing it = браться (за что-либо); заниматься (чем-либо)

fix up a meeting etc. = arrange it = организовать; договориться

C

grow up = become an adult = становиться взрослым; взрослеть; вырасти

bring up a child = raise, look after a child = воспитывать

D

clean up / clear up / tidy up something = make it clean, tidy etc. = убирать; прибирать

wash up = wash the plates, dishes etc. after a meal = мыть посуду

E

end up somewhere, end up doing something etc.

give up = stop trying, give something up = stop doing it

make up something / be made up of something

take up space or time = use space or time = отнимать (время и т. п.); занимать (место)

turn up / show up = arrive, appear = появляться, приходить

use something up = use all of it so that nothing is left = израсходовать, использовать; истратить

Упражнения

1. Посмотрите на картинки и закончите предложения. Каждый раз используйте три слова, включая глагол из раздела A.


A man me in the street and asked me the way to the station.


Sue the front door of the house and rang the doorbell.


Tom was a long way behind the other runners, but he managed to them.


Tanya was running too fast for Paul. He couldn’t her.

Key

2. Закончите предложения. Используйте следующие глаголы (в правильной форме) + up:

end end give give grow make take take turn use wash

  1. I couldn’t find a hotel and sleeping on a bench at the station.
  2. I’m feeling very tired now. I’ve all my energy.
  3. After dinner I and put the dishes away.
  4. People often ask children what they want to be when they .
  5. We invited Tim to the party, but he didn’t .
  6. Two years ago Mark his studies to be a professional footballer.
  7. Key
  8. A: Do you do any sports?
    B: Not at the moment, but I’m thinking of tennis.
  9. You don’t have enough determination. You too easily.
  10. Karen travelled a lot for a few years and in Canada, where she still lives.
  11. I do a lot of gardening. It most of my free time.
  12. There are two universities in the city, and students 20 per cent of the population.

Key

3. Закончите предложения. Используйте следующие глаголы + up (с любыми другими необходимыми словами)

bring catch fix give go keep keep make set tidy

  1. Sue got bored with her job and decided to .
  2. I’m not ready yet. You go on and I’ll you.
  3. The room is in a mess. I’d better .
  4. We expect to go away on holiday sometime in July, but we haven’t yet.
  5. Stephen is having problems at school. He can’t the rest of the class.
  6. Although I in the country, I have always preferred cities.
  7. Our team started the game well, but we couldn’t , and in the end we lost.
  8. I saw Mike at the party, so I him and said hello.
  9. When I was on holiday, I joined a tour group. The group two Americans, three Germans, five Italians and myself.
  10. Helen has her own internet website. A friend of hers helped her to .

Key

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