Фразовые глаголы: on и off (продолжение)

Урок 141
A

Глагол + on = продолжать делать что-либо

drive on / walk on / play on = продолжать walking/driving/playing (идти/ехать/играть и др.

go on = continue = продолжать

go on / carry on (doing something) = continue (doing something) = продолжать (делать что-то)

Также go on with / carry on with something

keep on doing something = do it continuously or repeatedly = делать постоянно или часто

B

Get on

get on = progress = продвигаться (о прогрессе)

get on (with somebody) = have a good relationship = иметь хорошие отношения, ладить

get on with something = продолжать делать то, что вам нужно сделать, обычно после какого-либо перерыва

C

Глагол + off

doze off / drop off / nod off = fall asleep = задремать

finish something off = do the last part of something = закончить, завершить последнюю часть чего-либо

go off = explode = взрываться

Также an alarm (1. сигнал тревоги 2. будильник 3. сигнализация) может go off = ring = звенеть; звучать

put somebody off (doing something) = cause somebody not to want something or to do something = по какой-либо причине не хотеть что-либо (делать)

rip somebody off = cheat somebody (informal) = запрашивать слишком высокую цену; вымогать деньги (разговорный)

show off = try to impress people with your ability, your knowledge etc. = хвастаться, красоваться, рисоваться (пытаться удивить людей своими способностями, знаниями и др.)

tell somebody off = speak angrily to somebody because they did something wrong = ругать; отчитывать, бранить (говорить сердито с кем-то из-за того, что они сделали что-то неправильно

Упражнения

1. Замените выделенные слова аналогичным по значению фразовым глаголом с on или off.

  1. Did you hear the bomb explode?
    Did you hear the bomb ?
  2. The meeting continued longer than I expected.
    The meeting longer than I expected.
  3. We didn’t stop to rest. We continued walking.
    We didn’t stop to rest. We .
  4. I fell asleep while I was watching TV.
    I while I was watching TV.
  5. Gary doesn’t want to retire. He wants to continue working.
    Gary doesn’t want to retire. He wants to working.
  6. The fire alarm rang in the middle of the night.
    The fire alarm in the middle of the night.
  7. Martin phones me continuously. It’s very annoying.
    Martin . It’s very annoying.

Key

2. Закончите каждое предложение, используя глагол + on или off.

  1. We can’t spending money like this. We’ll have nothing left soon.
  2. I was standing by the car when suddenly the alarm .
  3. I’m not ready to go home yet. I have a few things to .
  4. ‘Shall I stop the car here?’ ‘No, .’
  5. Bill paid too much for the car he bought. I think he was .
  6. ‘Is Emma enjoying her course at university?’ ‘Yes, she’s very well.’
  7. I was very tired at work today. I nearly at my desk a couple of times.
  8. Key
  9. Ben was by his boss for being late for work repeatedly.
  10. I really like working with my colleagues. We all really well together.
  11. There was a very loud noise. It sounded like a bomb .
  12. I making the same mistake. It’s very frustrating.
  13. I’ve just had a coffee break, and now I must with my work.
  14. Peter is always trying to impress people. He’s always .
  15. We decided not to go into the museum. We were by the cost of tickets.

Key

3. Закончите предложения. Используйте следующие глаголы (в правильной форме) + on или off. Иногда вам понадобятся и другие слова.

carry finish get get get go rip tell

  1. A: How in your new job?
    B: Fine, thanks. It’s going very well.
  2. A: Have you written the letter you had to write?
    B: I’ve started it. I’ll in the morning.
  3. A: We took a taxi to the airport. It cost £40.
    B: £40! Normally it costs about £20. You .
  4. A: Why were you late for work this morning?
    B: I overslept. My alarm clock didn’t .
  5. Key
  6. A: How in your interview? Do you think you’ll get the job?
    B: I hope so. The interview was OK.
  7. A: Did you stop playing tennis when it started to rain?
    B: No, we . The rain wasn’t very heavy.
  8. A: Some children at the next table in the restaurant were behaving very badly.
    B: Why didn’t their parents ?
  9. A: Why does Paul want to leave his job?
    B: He his boss.

Key

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