Глагол + предлоги: to и at

Урок 132
A

Глагол + to

talk / speak TO somebody (with также можно, но используется реже)

listen TO ...

write (a letter) TO ...

apologise TO somebody (for ...)

explain something TO somebody

explain / describe (to somebody) what/how/why ...

B

Мы не используем to с этими глаголами:

phone / telephone / call somebody

answer somebody/something

ask somebody

thank somebody (for something)

C

Глагол + at

look / stare / glance AT ... , have a look / take a look AT ...

laugh AT ...

aim / point (something) AT ... , shoot / fire (a gun) AT ...

D

После некоторых глаголов могут следовать at или to, значение при этом меняется. Например:

shout AT somebody (когда вы сердитесь)

shout TO somebody (так, чтобы вас услышали)

throw something AT somebody/something (чтобы в них попало)

throw something TO somebody (для того, чтобы кто-нибудь поймал)

Упражнения

1. Вы просите кого-нибудь, чтобы вам объяснили то, что вы не понимаете. Напишите вопросы, начиная с Can you explain ... ?

  1. (I don’t understand this word.)
  2. (I don’t understand what you mean.)
  3. (I don’t understand this question.)
  4. (I don’t understand the problem.)
  5. (I don’t understand how this machine works.)
  6. (I don’t understand what I have to do.)

Key

2. Выберите to там, где необходимо, или оставьте поле пустым, если предложение уже закончено.

  1. I know who she is, but I’ve never spoken her.
  2. Why didn’t you answer my letter?
  3. I like to listen the radio while I’m having breakfast.
  4. We’d better phone the restaurant to reserve a table.
  5. ‘Did Mike apologise you?’ ‘Yes, he said he was very sorry.’
  6. I explained everybody the reasons for my decision.
  7. I thanked everybody for all the help they had given me.
  8. Ask me what you like, and I’ll try and answer your questions.
  9. Mike described me exactly what happened.
  10. Karen won’t be able to help you, so there’s no point in asking her.

Key

3. Закончите предложения. Используйте следующие глаголы (в правильной форме) + правильный предлог:

explain glance laugh listen point speak throw throw

  1. I look stupid with this haircut. Everybody will me.
  2. I don’t understand this. Can you it me?
  3. Sue and Kevin had an argument and now they’re not one another.
  4. Be careful with those scissors! Don’t them me!
  5. I my watch to see what the time was.
  6. Please me! I’ve got something important to tell you.
  7. Don’t stones the birds! It’s cruel.
  8. If you don’t want that sandwich, it the birds. They’ll eat it.

Key

4. Выберите to или at.

  1. I wrote the hotel complaining about the poor service we had received.
  2. Look these flowers. Aren’t they pretty?
  3. Please don’t shout me! Try to calm down.
  4. I saw Sue as I was cycling along the road. I shouted her, but she didn’t hear me.
  5. Don’t listen what he says. He doesn’t know what he’s talking about.
  6. What’s so funny? What are you laughing ?
  7. Do you think I could have a look your magazine, please?
  8. I’m a bit lonely. I need somebody to talk .
  9. She was so angry she threw a book the wall.
  10. The woman sitting opposite me on the train kept staring me.
  11. Can I speak you a moment? There’s something I want to ask you.

Key

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