Употребление For, During и While в английском языке

Урок 119
For и during

Мы используем for + период времени, чтобы сказать как долго что-либо продолжается:

for two hours

for a week

for ages

Мы используем during + существительное, чтобы сказать когда что-либо произойдет (а не как долго):

during the film

during our holiday

during the night

С ‘показателями времени’ (например: the morning / the afternoon / the summer), обычно вы можете сказать in или during:

Нельзя использовать during, чтобы сказать как долго что-либо продолжается:

Сравните during и for:

During и while

Сравните:

Мы используем during + существительное:

Мы используем while + подлежащее + сказуемое:

  • I fell asleep during the film.
  • We met a lot of interesting people during our holiday.
  • Robert suddenly began to feel ill during the exam.
    Роберт неожиданно почувствовал себя плохо во время экзамена.
  • I fell asleep while I was watching TV.
  • We met a lot of interesting people while we were on holiday.
  • Robert suddenly began to feel ill while he was doing the exam.
    Роберт неожиданно почувствовал себя плохо, пока он сдавал экзамен.

Еще немного примеров с while:

Когда вы говорите о будущем, после while используйте настоящее время (а не will):

См. также урок 25.

Упражнения

1. Выберите for или during.

  1. It rained three days without stopping.
  2. I fell asleep the film.
  3. I went to the theatre last night. I met Sue the interval.
  4. Martin hasn’t lived in Britain all his life. He lived in Brazil four years.
  5. Production at the factory was seriously affected the strike.
  6. I felt really ill last week. I could hardly eat anything three days.
  7. I waited for you half an hour and decided that you weren’t coming.
  8. Sarah was very angry with me. She didn’t speak to me a week.
  9. Key
  10. We usually go out at weekends, but we don’t often go out the week.
  11. Jack started a new job a few weeks ago. Before that he was out of work six months.
  12. I need a change. I think I’ll go away a few days.
  13. The president gave a long speech. She spoke two hours.
  14. We were hungry when we arrived. We hadn’t had anything to eat the journey.
  15. We were hungry when we arrived. We hadn’t had anything to eat eight hours.

Key

2. Выберите during или while.

  1. We met a lot of interesting people we were on holiday.
  2. We met a lot of interesting people our holiday.
  3. I met Mike I was shopping.
  4. I was on holiday, I didn’t read any newspapers or watch TV.
  5. our stay in Paris, we visited a lot of museums and galleries.
  6. The phone rang three times we were having dinner.
  7. The phone rang three times the night.
  8. I had been away for many years. that time, many things had changed.
  9. Key
  10. What did they say about me I was out of the room?
  11. I went out for dinner last night. Unfortunately I began to feel ill the meal and had to go home.
  12. Please don’t interrupt me I’m speaking.
  13. There were many interruptions the president’s speech.
  14. Can you lay the table I get the dinner ready?
  15. We were hungry when we arrived. We hadn’t had anything to eat we were travelling.

Key

3. Закончите предложения, используя свои собственные идеи.

  1. I fell asleep while
  2. I fell asleep during
  3. I hurt my arm while
  4. Can you wait here while
  5. Most of the students looked bored during
  6. I was asked a lot of questions during
  7. Key
  8. Don’t open the car door while
  9. The lights suddenly went out while
  10. It started to rain during
  11. It started to rain while

Key

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