Although / though / even though; In spite of / despite

Урок 113
A

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

Last year Paul and Joanne had a holiday by the sea. It rained a lot, but they enjoyed themselves.

Год назад Пол и Джоанна были в отпуске у моря. Часто шёл дождь, но они хорошо провели время.

Вы можете сказать:

Although it rained a lot, they enjoyed themselves. (= It rained a lot, but they ...)

Несмотря на то, что часто шёл дождь, они хорошо провели время.

или

In spite of
Despite

}

the rain, they enjoyed themselves.

B

После although (хотя; несмотря на то, что) мы используем подлежащее + сказуемое:

Сравните значение although и because:

C

После in spite of или despite (= несмотря на), мы используем существительное, местоимение (this/that/what и др.) или -ing:

Despite это то же, что и in spite of. Мы говорим in spite of, но despite (без of):

Вы можете сказать in spite of the fact (that) ... и despite the fact (that) ... :

Сравните in spite of и because of:

D

Сравните although и in spite of / despite:

E

Иногда мы используем though вместо although:

В разговорном английском мы часто используем though в конце предложения:

Even though (но не просто ‘even’) – более сильная форма, чем although:

Упражнения

1. Закончите предложения. Используйте although + предложение из рамочки.

I didn’t speak the language
I had never seen her before
it was quite cold
I’d met her twice before

he has a very important job
we don’t like them very much
the heating was on
we’ve known each other a long time


  1. , he isn’t particularly well-paid.

  2. , I recognised her from a photograph.
  3. She wasn’t wearing a coat
  4. We thought we’d better invite them to the party

  5. , I managed to make myself understood.

  6. , the room wasn’t warm.
  7. I didn’t recognise her
  8. We’re not very good friends

Key

2. Закончите предложения, выбрав although / in spite of / because / because of.

  1. it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.
  2. a. all our careful plans, a lot of things went wrong.
    b. we’d planned everything carefully, a lot of things went wrong.
  3. a. I went home early I was feeling unwell.
    b. I went to work the next day I was still feeling unwell.
  4. a. She only accepted the job the salary, which was very high.
    b. She accepted the job the salary, which was rather low.
  5. a. I managed to get to sleep there was a lot of noise.
    b. I couldn’t get to sleep the noise.
  6. Key
    Закончите следующие предложения, используя свои собственные идеи:
  7. a. He passed the exam although

    b. He passed the exam because
  8. a. I didn’t eat anything although

    b. I didn’t eat anything in spite of

Key

3. Составьте одно предложение из двух. Используйте слова в скобках в своих предложениях.

  1. I couldn’t sleep. I was very tired. (despite)
  2. They have very little money. They are happy. (in spite of)
    Key
  3. My foot was injured. I managed to walk to the nearest village. (although)
    Key
  4. I enjoyed the film. The story was silly. (in spite of)
    Key
  5. We live in the same street. We hardly ever see each other. (despite)
    Key
  6. I got very wet in the rain. I was only out for five minutes. (even though)

Key

4. Используйте слова в скобках, чтобы составить предложение с though на конце.

  1. The house isn’t very nice. (like / garden)
  2. It’s warm today. (very windy)
  3. We didn’t like the food. (ate)
  4. Liz is very nice. (don’t like / husband)

Key

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