Сравнительная степень 3: as ... as / than

Урок 107

Начало темы см. в уроке 105.

A

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

Sarah, Joe and David are all very rich. Sarah has £20 million, Joe has £15 million and David has £10 million. So:

Joe is rich.
He is richer than David.
But he isn’t as rich as Sarah.
(= Sarah is richer than he is)

Джо богат.
Он богаче, чем Давид.
Но он не так богат, как Сара.
(= Сара богаче, чем он.)

Еще примеры с not as ... (as):

Вы также можете сказать not so ... (as):

Less ... than схож с not as ... as:

B

Мы также используем as ... as (но не so ... as) в утвердительных и вопросительных предложениях:

Также twice as ... as, three times as ... as и др. :

C

Мы говорим the same as (not the same like):

D

Than me / than I am и т.п.

Вы можете сказать:

You’re taller than I am.
or
You’re taller than me.
(обычно не You’re taller than I) Ты выше меня. (досл.: чем я.)
He’s not as clever as she is.
or
He’s not as clever as her.
Он не такой умный, как она.
They have more money than we have.
or
They have more money than us.
У них больше денег, чем у нас.
I can’t run as fast as he can.
or
I can’t run as fast as him.
Я не могу так быстро бегать, как он.

Упражнения

1. Закончите предложения, используя as ... as.

  1. I’m quite tall, but you are taller. I’m not .
  2. My salary is high, but yours is higher. My salary isn’t .
  3. You know a bit about cars, but I know more. You don’t .
  4. It’s still cold, but it was colder yesterday. It isn’t .
  5. I still feel quite tired, but I felt a lot more tired yesterday. I don’t .
  6. Our neighbours have lived here for quite a long time, but we’ve lived here longer. Our neighbours haven’t .
  7. I was a bit nervous before the interview, but usually I’m a lot more nervous. I wasn’t .

Key

2. Напишите новое предложение с тем же значением.

  1. Richard is younger than he looks.
  2. I didn’t spend as much money as you.
  3. The station was nearer than I thought.
  4. The meal didn’t cost as much as I expected.
  5. I go out less than I used to.
  6. Karen’s hair isn’t as long as it used to be.
  7. I know them better than you do.
  8. There are fewer people at this meeting than at the last one.

Key

3. Закончите предложения, используя as ... as + следующее:

bad comfortable fast long often quietly soon well well-qualified

  1. I’m sorry I’m late. I got here I could.
  2. It was a difficult question. I answered it I could.
  3. ‘How long can I stay with you?’ ‘You can stay you like.’
  4. I need the information quickly, so let me know possible.
  5. I like to keep fit, so I go swimming I can.
  6. I didn’t want to wake anybody, so I came in I could.
  7. Key
    В следующих предложениях используйте just as ... as.
  8. I’m going to sleep on the floor. It’s the bed.
  9. Why did he get the job rather than me? I’m him.
  10. At first I thought he was nice, but really he’s everybody else.

Key

4. Напишите предложения, используя the same as.

  1. David and James are both 22 years old.
  2. You and I both have dark brown hair.
  3. I arrived at 10.25 and so did you.
  4. My birthday is 5 April. Tom’s birthday is 5 April too.

Key

5. Закончите предложения с than ... или as ... .

  1. I can’t reach as high as you. You are taller .
  2. He doesn’t know much. I know more .
  3. I don’t work particularly hard. Most people work as hard .
  4. We were very surprised. Nobody was more surprised .
  5. She’s not a very good player. I’m a better player .
  6. They’ve been very lucky. I wish we were as lucky .

Key

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