Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Bank Holidays in the United Kingdom

A bank holiday is an official holiday when all banks and post offices are closed. Most factories, offices and shops are closed, too. The following days are bank holidays in Great Britain: New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day Bank Holiday, Spring Bank Holiday, August Bank Holiday, Christmas Day and Boxing Day.

Most of bank holidays are religious holidays. Now for most people they are simply days on which people eat, drink and make merry.

Christmas Day is the most popular of bank holidays. It is celebrated on December, 25. On this day many people go to churches, open their Christmas presents, eat a Christmas dinner of roast turkey and Christmas pudding. Many people watch the Queen’s Christmas broadcast on TV. This day is a traditional family reunion day and a special day for children.

Boxing Day is on December, 26. People usually gave «Christmas boxes», or gifts of money, to servants on this day. Today many people still give a Christmas gift to paperboys and girls.

New Year’s Day is on January, 1. It is not marked with any custom in Great Britain. Traditional New Year parties and dances are held on New Year’s Eve. People see the old year out and the New Year in.

Good Friday is the Friday before Easter when the church marks the death of Christ. On this day people eat hot-cross buns - buns marked on top with a cross.

Easter Monday is the day after Easter Day. It is a traditional day for the start of the summer tourist season.

May Day Bank Holiday is the first Monday after the first of May (May Day). May Day which is not a bank holiday, is a celebration of the coming of spring. On May Day different outdoor events are held. Usually May Queen, the most beautiful girl of the celebration, is selected.

Spring Bank Holiday falls on the last Monday in May. August Bank Holiday is held on the last Monday in August.

Topical Vocabulary

- a bank holiday
национальный праздник
- a religious holiday
религиозный праздник
to make merry
веселиться
- to be celebrated
отмечаться
to go to churches
идти в церковь
to open one’s Christmas present
открыть свой рождественский подарок
a Christmas dinner
рождественский обед
roast turkey
жареная индейка
Christmas pudding
рождественский пудинг
to watch the Queen’s Christmas broadcast
смотреть рождественское выступление королевы по телевидению
a family reunion day
день встречи семьи
- to give Christmas boxes to servants
дарить слугам рождественские подарки
a gift of money
деньги в подарок
paperboys and girls
разносчики газет
- to be marked with a custom
отмечаться с соблюдением каких-либо традиций
a New Year party
новогодняя вечеринка
to be held on New Year’s Eve
проводиться в канун Нового года
to see the old year out
провожать старый год
to see the New Year in
встречать новый год
- to mark the death of Christ
отмечать смерть Христа
a hot-cross bun
булочка с крестом наверху
- the start of the summer tourist season
начало летнего туристического сезона
- a celebration of the coming of spring
празднование прихода весны
to hold different outdoor events
проводить различные мероприятия на открытом воздухе
a celebration
праздник, празднование
to select May Queen
выбрать Майскую королеву
- to fall on
приходиться на (какой-либо день)

Answer the questions:

  1. What is a bank holiday?
  2. How are bank holidays celebrated?
  3. How is the most popular of all bank holidays marked?
  4. What traditions are observed on December, 26?
  5. What customs is New Year’s Day marked with?
  6. What is Good Friday?
  7. When is the coming of spring celebrated?
  8. What is May Day and May Day Bank holiday?
  9. What days do spring Bank Holiday and August Bank Holiday fall on?

Translate into English:

  1. Во время официальных, или банковских, праздников закрыты все банки, почтовые отделения, большая часть магазинов.
  2. Сейчас официальные праздники - не религиозные праздники, а просто дни, когда люди веселятся.
  3. Рождество, 25 декабря - это день, когда собирается вся семья.
  4. Люди обычно смотрят рождественское выступление королевы, посещают церковь, обмениваются (exchange) рождественскими подарками.
  5. 26 декабря люди дарят рождественские подарки или деньги разносчикам газет.
  6. С Новым Годом не связаны особые (particular) традиции.
  7. В пятницу перед Пасхой обычно едят особые булочки с крестом наверху.
  8. 1 мая проводятся различные мероприятия на открытом воздухе и избирается Майская королева.

Посмотреть ответы

1. During the official, or bank holidays, all banks, post offices, most offices and shops are closed.
2. Now bank holidays are not religious holidays; they are simply days on which people make merry.
3. Christmas, the 25th of December, is a family reunion day.
4. People usually watch the Queen’s Christmas broadcast on TV, go to churches and exchange Christmas presents.
5. On December, 26 people usually give Christmas boxes or gifts of money to paperboys and girls.
6. New Year’s Day is not marked by any particular custom.
7. On Friday before Easter people usually eat special buns marked on top with a cross.
8. On May, 1 different outdoors events are held, and the May Queen is selected.

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