Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Levitan

Isaac Ilyich Levitan, the great Russian artist, was one of the first painters of the Russian scenery to reveal its beauty. He is a real poet of the Russian countryside. Levitan developed the traditions of painters of the Russian realistic landscape school - Savrasov, Polenov, Serov and others. He found poetry in what would seem daily life.

Levitan is a very special sort of painter. There is something in his landscapes that reflects our own moods. He deeply felt what he wanted to depict, and his brush transferred his feelings to the canvas.

A master of landscape, he never introduced figures into it. Though if you look at «The Autumn Day in Sokolniki», everything seems to bring out the loneliness of the figure in the centre: the trees losing their leaves, the remote, indifferent sky, the path going off into the distance. But the fact is that it was not Levitan who painted the figure. It was Checkov’s brother Nikolai who did it.

Levitan’s art was greatly influenced by his travels along the Volga. He chose Plyoss, a small provincial town on the Volga, for his place of residence and for a subject of many of his canvases. His paintings like «Evening», «Golden Plyoss», «After the Rain» depict the scenery of the place. They are full of subtle feeling and tenderness, but there is no sentimentality in them; Levitan’s pictures are truly realistic.

In the closing years of his life Levitan made several journeys abroad. He travelled to France, Italy and Germany where he painted many of his landscapes. Levitan was only 49 when he died in 1900.

Levitan’s influence over lyrical landscape painters can’t be overestimated. His deep feeling for nature, love for his native land, his ability to reveal the poetry of the Russian countryside have won his paintings the love and gratitude of people.

Topical Vocabulary

- an artist
художник
a painter of the Russian scenery
художник, изображающий российский пейзаж
to reveal beauty
отразить красоту
a poet of the Russian countryside
поэт российской деревни
to develop the traditions of smth.
развить традиции чего-либо
the realistic landscape school
школа реалистического пейзажа
- to reflect one’s own moods
передавать чьи-либо настроения
to depict
отражать, передавать
one’s brush
чья-либо кисть, стиль
to transfer one’s feelings to the canvas
перенести чьи-либо чувства на холст
- a master of landscape
мастер пейзажа
to bring out the loneliness
подчеркивать одиночество
- to be greatly influenced by smb., smth.
испытать сильное влияние кого-либо, чего-либо
a subject of a canvas
предмет изображения на картине
to depict the scenery
изображать пейзаж
to be full of subtle feeling and tenderness
быть полным нежности
truly realistic
действительно реалистический
- influence over smb.
влияние на кого-либо
to overestimate smth.
переоценить что-либо
the love and gratitude of people
любовь и благодарность людей

Answer the questions:

  1. What is Levitan famous for as a painter?
  2. Why can he be called a very special sort of painter?
  3. What genre did he paint in?
  4. What was Levitan’s art greatly influenced by?
  5. Why can you say that Levitan’s influence over lyrical landscape painters can’t be overestimated?

Translate into English:

  1. Левитан, знаменитый русский художник, считается мастером русского пейзажа.
  2. Левитан, изображая пейзажи, передавал настроение.
  3. Мастер пейзажа, Левитан развил традиции русской реалистической пейзажной школы.
  4. Многие картины Левитана, полные нежности, но реалистичные, изображают плес.
  5. Трудно переоценить влияние Левитана на русское искусство.

Посмотреть ответы

1. Levitan, a famous Russian painter, is considered to be a master of the Russian landscape.
2. Levitan, painting landscapes, reflected our moods.
3. A master of landscape, Levitan developed the traditions of the Russian realistic landscape school.
4. Plyoss is the subject of many paintings by Levitan, full of tenderness but realistic.
5. Levitan’s influence over Russian art can’t be overestimated.

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