Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
London Museums and Art Galleries

London is visited by millions of tourists every year. They come there to see the sights of London and to visit London’s museums. There is quite a number of museums and art galleries in London which are world-famous.

The National Gallery is situated in Trafalgar Square and is one of the best-known art galleries in the world. It was founded in 1824 and houses one of the most important collections of Italian paintings outside Italy. It is also famous for its Dutch collection, particularly for paintings by Rembrandt. The National Portrait Gallery is situated near the National Gallery. It is Britain’s leading art gallery of portraits of famous people in British history. The National Portrait Gallery is noted for representing various kinds of portraits - from traditional oil paintings to photographs. Founded in 1856, in 1984 it contained over 800 original portraits and more than 500 000 photographs.

The famous Tate Gallery was opened in 1897 with the financial support of Sir Henry Tate. He also gave a collection of 65 paintings. The Gallery contains a unique collection of British painting from the 16th century to the present day. Turner and Blake are particularly well represented in the collections. The Gallery also has many drawings and modern sculpture.

Victoria and Albert Museum is a collection of fine and applied arts. It contains a great collection of miniature, too. It was opened in 1857 and was named after Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert.

The British Museum was founded in 1753. It contains one of the world’s richest collections of antiquities. It also houses the main collection covering the history of plants, minerals and the animal world. There is also the Reading room of the British Library in the museum.

There is a number of museums in London which are neither art museums or galleries. Nevertheless, they attract tourists from different parts of Great Britain and of the world. You are sure to know about Madame Tusseau’s Museum. It contains hundreds of wax figures which are sculpture portraits of famous personalities - political figures, painters, musicians, sportsmen and even criminals. The Museum of London represents the history of the city from its foundation to its present day. The Museum of Moving Image illustrates the history of cinema.

In other words, any visitor can find a museum to his taste in London.

Topical Vocabulary

- to see the sights
осматривать достопримечательности
an art gallery
художественная галерея
to be world-famous
быть известным во всем мире
- one of the best-known art galleries
одна из известнейших художественных галерей
to be founded
быть основанным
to house smth.
вмещать, содержать что-либо
an important collection
значительная коллекция
a painting
картина
- Britain’s leading art gallery
известнейшая галерея Великобритании
a portrait
портрет
to be noted for smth.
быть известным чем-либо
to represent smth.
представлять что-либо
various kinds of portraits
различные типы портретов
a traditional oil painting
традиционная картина маслом
an original portrait
оригинал портрета
- with the financial support of smb.
при финансовой поддержке кого-либо
to contain a unique collection
содержать уникальную коллекцию
to be particularly well represented
быть особенно полно представленным
modern sculpture
современная скульптура
- fine and applied arts
изобразительное и прикладное искусство
miniature
миниатюра
to be named after smb.
быть названным в честь кого-либо
- the world’s richest collection
богатейшая коллекция в мире
an antiquity
древность
to cover the history of smth.
иллюстрировать историю чего-либо
- to attract tourists
привлекать туристов
a wax figure
восковая фигура
a sculpture portrait
скульптурный портрет
a famous personality
известная личность
a political figure
политический деятель
a criminal
преступник
from its foundation to its present day
от основания до наших дней
- to one’s taste
по вкусу

Answer the questions:

  1. What collections does the National Gallery house?
  2. What is the National Portrait Gallery noted for?
  3. What painters are particularly well represented in the Tate Gallery?
  4. What kind of museum is Victoria and Albert Museum? Why is it named so?
  5. What are the two departments of the British Museum?
  6. What museums besides art museums and galleries can you find in London?

Translate into English:

  1. Национальная галерея - одна из известнейших художественных галерей в мире.
  2. Национальная галерея известна своим собранием картин итальянских и голландских мастеров.
  3. Национальная портретная галерея представляет различные виды портретов, в том числе традиционные портреты маслом.
  4. Галерея Тейта была открыта при финансовой поддержке сэра Генри Тейта.
  5. Галерея Тейта особенно полно представляет творчество Тернера и Блейка.
  6. Галерея Тейта содержит также уникальную коллекцию зарубежной живописи и современной скульптуры.
  7. Музей Виктории и Альберта содержит коллекции произведений изобразительного и прикладного искусства.
  8. Британский музей состоит из двух отделов (parts, departments).
  9. Первый отдел содержит коллекцию древностей.
  10. Второй отдел - это коллекция, отражающая историю растительного и животного мира и минералов.
  11. Музей Мадам Тюссо - это музей восковых фигур, представляющих известных деятелей политики, науки и искусства.

Посмотреть ответы

1. The National Gallery is one of the best-known art galleries in the world.
2. The National Gallery is famous for its collections of paintings by Italian and Dutch masters.
3. The National Portrait Gallery represents various kinds of portraits, including traditional oil paintings.
4. The Tate Gallery was opened with the financial support of Sir Henry Tate.
5. Turner and Blake are particularly well represented in the Tate Gallery.
6. The Tate Gallery contains also a unique collection of foreign painters and modern sculpture.
7. Victoria and Albert museum contains collections of fine and applied arts.
8. The British Museum consists of two departments.
9. The first department contains a collection of antiquities.
10. The second department is a collection covering the history of plants, minerals and animal kingdom.
11. Madame Tusseau’s museum is a museum of wax figures, representing famous personalities of politics, science and arts.

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