Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Press in the United Kingdom

More daily newspapers are sold in Britain than in most other countries of the world. Britain is one of the few countries where daily newspapers are delivered at the door, before breakfast. There are about 135 daily papers and Sunday papers. A lot of people buy a morning paper, an evening paper and a Sunday paper.

National newspapers have a circulation of 15,8 million copies on weekdays and 17,9 million copies on Sundays. National newspapers are papers which are sold in all parts of Britain. Nearly all the national newspapers are in London. The famous newspaper street, Fleet Street, now houses only «The Daily Express».

The newspapers are divided into two main groups: quality papers and popular papers. Quality newspapers are: «The Times», «The Guardian, «The Daily Telegraph», «The Independent», «The Financial Times», «The Observer», «The Sunday Times» and «The Sunday Telegraph». They report national and international news very thoroughly. They also publish articles on many general subjects. The popular papers publish sensational news. The popular papers are «The News of the World», «The Sun», «The Daily Mirror» and others. They publish «personal articles» which shock the reader. Many articles deal with the private lives of people.

Newspapers do not depend financially on political parties. But many of them support a political party unofficially. For example, during the general elections many editors write open letters to the readers. They are called «leaders» and ask their readers to vote for this or that party.

Most newspapers in Britain belong to financial groups. They do not belong to the Government or political parties.

Topical Vocabulary

- a daily newspaper
ежедневная газета
to be sold
продаваться
to be delivered at the door
доставляться к дверям дома
a morning paper
утренняя газета
an evening paper
вечерняя газета
a Sunday paper
воскресная газета
- a national newspaper
общенациональная газета
to have a circulation of
иметь тираж
a copy
экземпляр
to house (smth.)
быть местом нахождения (чего-либо)
- a quality paper
серьезная газета
a popular paper
популярная газета, бульварная пресса
to report national and international news
освещать внутренние и международные новости
thoroughly
подробно, тщательно
to publish an article on
опубликовать статью по (какой-либо теме)
a general subject
общая тема
a «personal article»
статья на частные темы
to shock smb.
шокировать кого-либо
the private lives of people
частная жизнь людей
to depend financially on smb., smth.
зависеть в финансовом отношении от кого-либо, чего-либо
to support a political party unofficially
неофициально поддерживать политическую партию
during the general elections
во время всеобщих выборов
an editor
редактор
to write an open letter to smb.
написать открытое письмо кому-либо
to vote for smb.
голосовать за кого-либо
to belong to financial groups
принадлежать финансовым группам

Answer the questions:

  1. What proves that the British are a reading nation?
  2. What is a national newspaper?
  3. What groups are newspapers in the United Kingdom subdivided into?
  4. What kind of articles does each type of newspapers publish?
  5. Do newspapers in Britain support any political party?
  6. Who do newspapers in Great Britain belong to?

Translate into English:

  1. Утренние газеты в Великобритании доставляются на дом (to people’s homes).
  2. Общенациональные газеты издаются тиражами в миллионы экземпляров и продаются во всех частях страны.
  3. В Лондоне издаются все общенациональные газеты.
  4. Серьезные газеты публикуют статьи по внутренним и международным проблемам, а также статьи общего характера.
  5. Популярные газеты публикуют статьи о частной жизни людей; часто они шокируют читателя.
  6. Во время выборов редакторы газет просят своих читателей голосовать за ту или иную партию.
  7. Газеты в Великобритании принадлежат не правительству или политическим партиям, а финансовым группам.

Посмотреть ответы

1. Morning papers in Great Britain are delivered to people’s homes.
2. National papers have a circulation of millions of copies and are sold in all parts of the country.
3. All the national newspapers are published in London.
4. «Quality» papers publish articles on national and international problems, as well as articles on general subjects.
5. «Popular» papers publish articles dealing with the private lives of people; they often shock the reader.
6. During the elections editors of papers ask their readers to vote for this or that party.
7. Newspapers in Great Britain don’t belong to the government or political parties; they belong to financial groups.

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