Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Sports in the Russian Federation

Russian people have always paid much attention to sport. Sport keeps people fit and healthy and makes them better disciplined in their daily activities.

Numerous kinds of sports, both winter and summer, are popular in the Russian Federation. Millions of citizens of Russia engage in some sporting activities and even in competitions. «Physical training» is a subject on the curriculum of schools and universities. You can hardly find a school or a college without sports grounds. Sports facilities are available at any university or other higher education establishments.

Sports in this country have traditionally been divided into amateur and professional. The core of professional sports are sporting societies. Millions, from beginners to champions, are members of sporting clubs and societies. There is a number of national sports societies like the Spartak or the Dinamo which have their local branch clubs throughout the country. Youngsters from the age of 7 to 18 are trained in sports schools which are run by the major sports clubs. The schools cover a wide range of sports, from track-and-field and callisthenics to boxing.

Since their debut at the Helsinki Olympic Games in 1952, Russia has been a participant of all the Olympiads. Russian sportsmen and sportswomen have collected numerous gold, silver and bronze medals. Numerous Olympic and world records have been broken and are still held.

There are sports clubs at many enterprises and offices. Many of them are fee-paying now, but the membership fee is moderate. At these and other amateur clubs and keep-fit centres people go in for aerobics, yoga, body-building, swimming, skating, jogging.

Participation in sports in this country is massive by any standards.

Topical Vocabulary

- to pay much attention to sport
придавать большое значение спорту
to keep people fit and healthy
поддерживать хорошую форму и здоровье людей
to make smb. better disciplined in smth.
делать кого-либо более дисциплинированным в чем-либо
one’s daily activities
повседневные дела
- to engage in sporting activities
заниматься спортом
a competition
соревнование
a subject on the curriculum
предмет в программе
sports grounds
спортплощадка
sports facilities
спортивные сооружения
to be available
иметься, предоставляться
- amateur
любительский
professional
профессиональный
the core of professional sports
основа профессионального спорта
a sporting society
спортивное общество
a champion
чемпион
a member of a sporting club
член спортивного клуба
a national sports society
общенациональное спортивное общество
a local branch club
местное отделение
a youngster
молодой человек
to be trained in sports schools
проходить подготовку в спортивных школах
to be run by smth.
управляться чем-либо
to cover a wide range of sports
охватывать большое количество видов спорта
track-and-field
легкая атлетика
callisthenics
художественная гимнастика
- a debut
дебют
a participant of smth.
участник чего-либо
to collect medals
собирать медали
to break Olympic and world records
устанавливать олимпийские и мировые рекорды
to hold a record
удерживать рекорд
- fee-paying
платный
a membership fee
членский взнос
moderate
умеренный
a keep-fit centre
оздоровительный центр
to go in for
заниматься (спортом)
aerobics
аэробика
yoga
йога
body-building
бодибилдинг
jogging
бег трусцой
- massive by any standards
массовый по любым меркам

Answer the questions:

  1. Why is sport so important?
  2. What proves the popularity of sports in this country?
  3. What is the core of professional sports in this country?
  4. How does the system of sporting clubs work?
  5. What proves that Russia is an active participant of the Olympic movement?
  6. What sporting activities do people go in for at amateur clubs and keep-fit centres?

Translate into English:

  1. Миллионы людей занимаются тем или иным видом спорта, так как спорт помогает им держаться в хорошей форме.
  2. Спорт входит в программу школ и вузов.
  3. Спортивные площадки и другие спортивные сооружения есть в любой школе или университете.
  4. Основу профессионального спорта составляет сеть спортивных клубов и обществ.
  5. Общенациональные спортивные общества имеют местные отделения в разных городах страны.
  6. Детские спортивные школы управляются местными отделениями спортивных обществ.
  7. Дети и молодые люди проходят подготовку в целом ряде видов спорта - художественной гимнастике, легкой атлетике, плавании, боксе и т. д.
  8. Членские взносы в спортивных клубах при предприятиях и организациях умеренные.
  9. В любительских спортивных клубах люди занимаются различными видами спорта, это помогает им быть в хорошей форме и быть более организованными в повседневных делах.

Посмотреть ответы

1. Millions of people engage in this sport or another, as sports help them keep fit.
2. Sport is a subject on the curriculum of schools and higher education establishments.
3. There are sports grounds and other sporting facilities at any school or university.
4. The core of professional sports is a network of sporting clubs and societies.
5. The national sporting societies have their local branch clubs in different towns and cities of the country.
6. Sports schools for youngsters are run by the local sporting societies.
7. Children and youngsters are trained in a number of sports - callisthenics, track-and-field, swimming, boxing, etc.
8. Membership fees at the clubs at factories and offices are moderate.
9. At amateur sports clubs people go in for different kinds of sports; it helps them keep fit and better disciplined in their daily activities.

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