Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Sports in the USA

In the USA many sports and sports activities attract millions of active participants. One reason of the popularity of sport in America may be the variety and size of America, providing Americans with a large choice of summer and winter sports. In addition, public sports facilities have always been available in great number for participants. Another reason might be that Americans like competition, by teams or as individuals, of any type. Others point out that American schools and colleges follow the tradition of all English-speaking societies in using sports activities as a way of teaching «social values».

In the USA much attention is given to organized sports. Hockey, football, baseball, basketball and volleyball are the five major sports.

Football is the most popular spectator sport. What makes football in the USA so different from its European cousins, rugby and soccer, is not just the size, speed and strength of its players. Rather, it is the most «scientific» of all outdoor team sports. Specific rules state what each player in each position may and may not do, and when. There are hundreds of possible «plays» (or moves) for teams on offence and defence. Baseball is now in second place among the sports people most like to watch. Baseball is still very popular as an informal, neighbourhood sport.

Baseball and football have the reputation of being «typically American» team sports. This is ironic because the two most popular participant sports in the world today are indeed American in origin - basketball and volleyball. Both games were invented and first played at a YMCA in Massachusetts. Basketball was invented as a game that would fill empty period between the football season and the baseball season. Today, of course, both basketball and volleyball are played everywhere by men and women of all ages. They are especially popular as school sports. Professional and collegiate basketball games in the USA attract large numbers of fans. Most of the important games are televised live.

Sporting activities are a part of daily American life. There are many other sports and sports activities in America which attract millions of active participants. Among them are golf, swimming, tennis, marathon, track-and-field, bowling, archery, skiing, skating, squash and badminton, rowing and sailing, weightlifting, boxing and wrestling. 45% of all Americans take part in some athletic activity once a day. Swimming, bicycling, fishing, jogging, callisthenics or gymnastics, and bowling are American’s favourite participatory sports. Skating and tobogganing are wide-spread activities, too. Fishing and hunting are extremely popular in all parts of the country and have been since the days when they were necessary activities among the early settlers. As could be expected, all water sports and activities are very popular, including diving, sailing, white-water canoeing, water-skiing.

There are also several sports in the US which were once thought of as being «strange», but have now gained international popularity. Among these is skate-boarding, windsurfing and triathlon.

Topical Vocabulary

- sports and sports activities
спорт и физкультура
a participant
участник
to provide smb. with a large choice of smth.
предоставлять кому-либо широкий выбор в чем-либо
public sports facilities
общественные спортивные сооружения
to be available
иметься, быть доступным
competition by teams or as individuals
командные или индивидуальные соревнования
a way of teaching social values
способ привить систему социальных ценностей
- to give much attention to smth.
уделять большое внимание чему-либо
organized sports
организованный спорт
- a spectator sport
«зрительский» спорт
rugby
регби
soccer
футбол
an outdoor team sport
спортивная игра, в которую играют на открытых площадках
on offence and defence
в нападении и защите
- a participant sport
массовый (по количеству участников) спорт
YMCA
Христианский союз молодых людей
to be especially popular as school sports
быть особенно популярным в учебных заведениях
a professional game
игра, в которой участвуют профессионалы
a collegiate game
«университетская» спортивная игра
to attract fans
собирать болельщиков
to be televised live
передавать по ТВ в прямой трансляции
- marathon
марафон
track-and-field
легкая атлетика
bowling
боулинг
archery
стрельба из лука
squash
сквош
rowing
гребля
sailing
парусный спорт
weightlifting
поднятие тяжестей, тяжелая атлетика
wrestling
борьба
jogging
бег трусцой
callisthenics
художественная гимнастика
a participatory sport
массовый вид спорта
tobogganing
катание на санках
a wide-spread activity
широко распространенный вид спорта
diving
дайвинг
white-water canoeing
спуск на каноэ по горным рекам
water-skiing
катание на водных лыжах
- skate-boarding
катание на скейте
windsurfing
виндсерфинг
triathlon
триатлон

Answer the questions:

  1. What are the reasons of popularity of sports in America?
  2. What makes American football different from European soccer and rugby?
  3. What games have the reputation of «typically American» team sports?
  4. What two participant sports originated in America?
  5. What other sports and sports activities attract millions of participants?
  6. What «strange» sports originated in America and gained international popularity?

Translate into English:

  1. Существует несколько причин, по которым спорт в Америке привлекает миллионы активных участников.
  2. Вот эти причины: размеры страны, наличие спортивных сооружений, любовь к соревнованиям любого рода и т. д.
  3. В Америке популярны такие спортивные игры, как хоккей, бейсбол, волейбол, футбол и баскетбол.
  4. Самые популярные из зрительских видов спорта - футбол и бейсбол. Самые популярные массовые спортивные игры - баскетбол и волейбол - возникли в Америке.
  5. «Университетский» спорт в США собирает большое количество болельщиков.
  6. Особенно популярны матчи профессионалов: часто ведется их прямая трансляция.
  7. Многие виды спорта составляют часть повседневной жизни в Америке: гольф, теннис, марафон, легкая атлетика, стрельба из лука, борьба, тяжелая атлетика и т. д.
  8. Широко распространены катание на санях, прыжки в воду, водные лыжи, гребля на каноэ, художественная гимнастика, бег трусцой и т. д.
  9. Некоторые «странные» виды спорта, такие как катание на скейте, виндсерфинг и триатлон, возникли в Америке и завоевали популярность в других странах.

Посмотреть ответы

1. There are several reasons why sports in America attract millions of active participants.
2. The reasons are as follows: the size of the country, availability of sports facilities, love to competition of any type, etc.
3. Athletic games such as hockey, baseball, volleyball, football and basketball are popular in America.
4. The most popular spectator sports are football and baseball; the most popular participant sports - basketball and volleyball - are American in origin.
5. Collegiate sports in the USA attract large numbers of fans.
6. Matches of professional sports are especially popular, they are often televised live.
7. Many sporting activities are a part of daily American life: golf, tennis, marathons, track-and-field, archery, wrestling, weightlifting.
8. Tobogganing, diving, water-skiing, canoeing, callisthenics, jogging and others are wide-spread activities.
9. Some «strange» sports such as skate-boarding, windsurfing and triathlon originated in America and have gained international popularity.

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