Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
Britain’s Universities

There are about 90 universities in Britain. They are divided into three types: the old universities (Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh Universities), the 19th century universities such as London and Manchester universities, and the new universities. Some years ago there were also polytechnics. After graduating from a polytechnic a student got a degree, but it was not a university degree. 31 former polytechnics were given university status in 1992.

Full courses of study offer the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Science. Most degree courses at universities last 3 years, language courses 4 years (including a year spent abroad). Medicine and dentistry courses are longer (5-7 years).

Students may receive grants from their Local Education Authority to help pay for books, accommodation, transport and food. This grant depends on the income of their parents.

Most students live away from home, in flats or halls of residence.

Students don’t usually have a job during term time because the lessons, called lectures, seminars, classes or tutorials (small groups), are full time. However, many students now have to work in the evenings.

University life is considered «an experience». The exams are competitive but the social life and living away from home are also important. The social life is excellent with a lot of clubs, parties, concerts, bars.

There are not only universities in Britain but also colleges. Colleges offer courses in teacher training, courses in technology and some professions connected with medicine.

Topical Vocabulary

- a polytechnic
политехнический институт
to graduate from
окончить (вуз)
to get a degree
получить степень
a university degree
университетская степень
former
бывший
to be given university status
получить университетский статус
a course of study
курс обучения
to offer the degree of
предоставлять какую-либо степень
Bachelor of Arts or Science
бакалавр гуманитарных или естественных наук
a degree course
курс, заканчивающийся присвоением степени
to last
продолжаться, длиться
a medicine course
медицинский курс
a dentistry course
курс для будущих дантистов
- to receive a grant
получать стипендию
Local Education Authority
местный орган образования
to pay for accommodation
платить за жилье
to depend on the income of smb.
зависеть от дохода кого-либо
- to live away from home
жить вне дома
a hall of residence
общежитие
a tutorial
практическое занятие
- competitive
конкурсный (об экзамене)
- a college
колледж
to offer a course in teacher training
предлагать курс подготовки учителей
a course in technology
технический курс

Answer the questions:

  1. What are the three types of universities in Great Britain?
  2. What degrees do students get after finishing full courses of study?
  3. What grants do students receive?
  4. Why don’t students have jobs during term time?
  5. Why is the university life considered «an experience»?
  6. What courses do colleges offer?

Translate into English:

  1. После окончания политехнического института или университета студент получал степень бакалавра.
  2. Степень бакалавра в политехническом институте не соответствовала университетской степени.
  3. Курс обучения в институте длится 4 года или больше.
  4. Студенты получают стипендии для оплаты стоимости учебников, жилья и питания.
  5. Поскольку занятия занимают полный день, студенты работают по вечерам.
  6. Колледжи предлагают курсы подготовки учителей и технические курсы.

Посмотреть ответы

1. After graduating from a polytechnic or a university a student got a degree of Bachelor of Arts or Sciences.
2. The Bachelor degree at a polytechnic was not a university degree.
3. The course of study at an institute lasts four years or more.
4. Students receive grants to pay for books, accomodation and food.
5. As classes are full-time, students work in the evenings.
6. Colleges offer courses in teacher training and technology.

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