Тема / Топик по английскому языку:
State System of the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation is set up by the Constitution of 1993.

Under the Constitution Russia is a presidential republic. The federal government consists of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. Each of them is checked and balanced by the President.

The legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly. It consists of two chambers. The Upper Chamber is the Council of Federation; the Lower Chamber is the State Duma.

Each chamber is headed by the Speaker. Legislature may be initiated in either of the two Chambers. But to become a law a bill must be approved by both Chambers and signed by the President. The President may veto the bill.

The President is commander-in-chief of the armed forces, he makes treaties, enforces laws, appoints ministers to be approved by the Federal Assembly.

The executive power belongs to the Government which is headed by the Prime Minister. The first action of the Prime Minister on appointment is to form the Cabinet.

The judicial branch is represented by the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and the regional courts.

The members of the Federal Assembly are elected by popular vote for a four-year period.

Today the state symbol of Russia is a three-coloured banner. It has three horizontal stripes: white, blue and red. The white stripe symbolizes the earth, the blue one stands for the sky, and the red one symbolizes liberty. It was the first state symbol that replaced the former symbols in 1991. The hymn of Russia is «The Patriotic Song» by M. Glinka. A new national emblem is a two-headed eagle. It is the most ancient symbol of Russia. It originates from the heraldic emblem of the Ruricovitches. All these symbols are official. They have been approved by the Federal Assembly.

Topical Vocabulary

- to be set up by smth.
быть учрежденным, основанным в соответствии с чем-либо
- under the Constitution
в соответствии с конституцией
a presidential republic
президентская республика
- the federal government
федеральное правительство
a branch
власть (как часть правительства)
legislative
исполнительный
executive
исполнительный
judicial
судебный
to be checked by smb.
контролироваться кем-либо
to be balanced by smb.
балансироваться, уравновешиваться кем-либо
- to be vested in
осуществляться кем-либо
the Federal Assembly
Федеральное собрание
a chamber
палата
the Council of Federation
Совет Федерации
- to be headed by the Speaker
возглавляться спикером
to initiate a legislature
внести законопроект
to approve a bill
принять законопроект
to be signed by smb.
быть подписанным кем-либо
to veto the bill
наложить вето на законопроект
- commander-in-chief
главнокомандующий
the armed forces
вооруженные силы
to make a treaty
заключить договор
to enforce a law
проводить закон в жизнь
to appoint a minister
назначить министра
- to belong to smb.
принадлежать кому-либо
the Prime Minister
премьер-министр
on appointment
после назначения
to form the Cabinet
сформировать кабинет
- to be represented by smb.
быть представленным кем-либо
the Constitutional Court
Конституционный суд
the Supreme Court
Верховный суд
a regional court
региональный суд
- to be elected by popular vote
быть избранным всенародным голосованием
- the state symbol
государственный символ
a banner
знамя
a hymn
гимн
a national emblem
национальный герб
to originate from smth.
происходить от чего-либо
the heraldic emblem of the Ruricovitches
родовой герб Рюриковичей

Answer the questions:

  1. What does the federal government consist of?
  2. What part does the President play in the government?
  3. What is the legislative power vested in?
  4. How does a bill become a law?
  5. What are the functions of the President?
  6. What are the executive and the judicial branches represented by?
  7. What are the official symbols of Russia?

Translate into English:

  1. Правительство Российской Федерации состоит из законодательной, исполнительной и судебной властей, подконтрольных президенту.
  2. Законодательная власть осуществляется Федеральным собранием, избираемым всенародным голосованием на 4 года.
  3. Во главе каждой из палат стоит спикер.
  4. Законопроект представляется на рассмотрение в одной из палат, потом одобряется обеими палатами и подписывается президентом.
  5. Судебная власть представлена Конституционным судом, Верховным судом и другими судами.
  6. К государственным символам относятся флаг, гимн и герб.

Посмотреть ответы

1. The government of the Russian Federative Republic consists of the legislative, the executive and the judicial branches, checked by the President.
2. The legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly, elected by popular vote for a four-year period.
3. Each chamber is headed by the Speaker.
4. A bill may be initiated in either of the two chambers; then it is approved by both chambers and signed by the President.
5. The judicial power is represented by the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and other courts.
6. The state symbols include the flag, the hymn and the national emblem.

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